Anthropology

Campus Address: 507 Clark Hall
Web Site: http://www.umsl.edu/divisions/artscience/anthro/
Main Number: 314-516-6020
Fax Number: 314-516-7235

General Information

The aim of anthropology is to understand the diversity of humans. For 100 years we have studied the cultures of the world, teaching people how to see themselves more clearly through the eyes of those who are different from themselves and how to work with the underlying humanity that unifies all cultural differences.

Anthropology is the study of humans through all time and space. The discipline considers our struggle to adapt to and survive in the natural and social environments and to improve our lot in the face of perpetual change. Anthropologists teach how cultures evolve and the role of individuals and groups in the invention and perpetuation of cultural beliefs, behaviors, symbols, and systems. Anthropologists have accumulated in-depth knowledge of hundreds of cultures and use this to understand better our own cultural beliefs, actions, and institutions, as well as those of people from other cultures. As the science of cultures, anthropology brings a powerful perspective to bear in understanding the emerging global order. Cross-cultural and evolutionary insights and knowledge help us envision how we can incorporate vast human diversity into a unified world order of peace, prosperity, justice, and opportunity.

Degrees and Areas of Concentration

A Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology focuses on applied and theoretical skills. The anthropology faculty are actively involved in cultural anthropology, writing systems, archaeology, linguistic anthropology and biological anthropology research at home and abroad.

Cultural Anthropology

Faculty conduct research in St. Louis, Los Angeles, Ghana, South Africa, China, Japan, and Native American communities. Their research encompasses studies in health care choices of elder citizens, museum studies, gender and sexuality, body culture and sports, girl's culture, writing systems, culture diversity principles, Neandertal health and more. Opportunities abound for students to pursue diverse research experiences on a vast range of topics on human actions, beliefs and organization.

Archaeology

Faculty are engaged in regional and global research. Students may join faculty in excavations of local historic sites, and a Bronze Age Mycenaean palace in Greece. The program also has an archaeology lab and library with one of the largest collections of artifacts from eastern Missouri.

Biological Anthropology

Faculty members are active in the study of human evolution, bioarchaeology, dental archaeology paleoanthropology (fossil record of human origins) and human variation. Students can study Forensic Anthropology and work with the program’s own collection of 19th century skeletal remains.

Student Experience

Students may work closely with faculty in designing their personal course of study and carrying out their own research projects in any of the above fields of study. Students have presented research results at professional meetings, in published papers, and at government and community agencies for use in planning and development. Students are encouraged to participate in the program's network of internships, providing an opportunity to practice newly acquired skills. As a capstone experience, all students, under faculty supervision, complete a significant independent research project, culminating in written and oral reports to the department students and faculty. The program encourages study abroad and has scholarship funds to assist. There is an active Association of Student Anthropologists that sponsors speakers and social activities.

Paid undergraduate positions are available on a competitive basis to anthropology majors as teaching assistants and faculty research assistants.

Minor in Anthropology

The minor in anthropology is designed to offer students a flexible introduction to the fundamentals of the discipline to complement their major field of study. A minor is advisable for anyone planning a career with intercultural or international dimensions, where knowledge of cultural systems, environments, values, and symbols is useful.

Certificate in Archaeology

The certificate in archaeology provides applied training in both laboratory and field methods to students who could be hired in the field of cultural resource management and historic preservation. Internships can be arranged with the UMSL archaeology lab or with a local institution.

Career Outlook

The B.A. in Anthropology equips the student for employment in almost any area in which a bachelor's degree is sufficient and a sensitivity to cultural values and diversity is important. Graduates have found employment as university professors and lawyers and in archaeology research programs, urban development, planning programs, health care delivery, human services, business, government service, teaching, computer systems design, and university administration. Anthropology is excellent preparation for graduate and professional training in administration, the helping professions, development work, law, environmental studies, international and human resource areas of business, and in many other areas, depending upon individual interests. Many UMSL anthropology graduates have gone on to advanced training in master's, doctoral, and professional programs in respected universities around the country. For more career information, contact the program at 314-516-6020 for an appointment to talk with an appropriate faculty member or to request an information packet.

Undergraduate Studies

General Education Requirements

Majors must satisfy the university and college general education requirements. Any foreign language may be used to meet the language requirement for the B.A. degree.

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology

All required courses for the major must be completed with a grade of C- or better. The following courses are required:

ANTHRO 1005Introduction To Biological Anthropology4
ANTHRO 1011Introduction To Cultural Anthropology3
ANTHRO 1019Introduction To Archaeology3
ANTHRO 3202History and Theory of Anthropology3
ANTHRO 4315Professionalism and Practice In Anthropology3
Select three courses in Anthropology numbered 2000-2999 19
Select three courses in Anthropology numbered 3200-3299 in addition to ANTHRO 3202.9
Select one of the following:3
Ethnographic Field Research Methods
Field Methods in Archaeology
Field Methods in Biological Anthropology
Select 2 additional credit hours of methods courses in Anthropology numbered 4000-4311.2
Total Hours39

1

The three courses must come from two different subfields: Cultural Anthropology, Archaeology, or Biological Anthropology.

The total number of hours required for the major is 39.
Students may elect to take up to, but not to exceed, 12 additional hours in anthropology courses of their choice.

At the end of the program, students should have these competencies:

  •  Discipline-Specific (Content) Knowledge
    Graduates will be able to discuss the importance cultural diversity, thus preparing them to function in multicultural or international settings. Graduates will understand the common evolutionary origins that unify all cultural differences, as well as human biological variation within our shared humanity. Graduates will develop in-depth knowledge of the culture of a particular region of the world.
  • Communication Skills
    Graduates will develop social science writing skills, including writing of a research proposal for a grant agency and a substantial research report. Graduates will develop oral presentation skills, including presenting a formal research report.
  • Information Management/Quantitative Skills
    Graduates will master research methods in one of the subfields of anthropology (cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, archaeology). Graduates will learn to design and conduct an original research project, working in close cooperation with faculty.
  • Valuing/Ethics/Integrity
    Graduates will be able to discuss and articulate the professional ethics and codes of conduct of the discipline.
  • Critical Thinking Skills
    Graduates will develop the ability to apply anthropological concepts in performing critical analysis of broad historical trends and complex social issues. Graduates will be able to value cultural diversity, thus preparing them to function in multicultural or international settings.
  • Application/Internship Skills
    Graduates will gain hands-on experience in the application of anthropological concepts to real life and will be able to apply anthropological theory to real-life experience.

Residency Requirement

Undergraduate majors must complete a minimum of 17 hours of upper-level (3000-5000) Anthropology courses in residence, including:

ANTHRO 3202History and Theory of Anthropology3
ANTHRO 4315Professionalism and Practice In Anthropology3
Select one of the following:3
Ethnographic Field Research Methods
Field Methods in Archaeology
Field Methods in Biological Anthropology
Select two additional courses numbered from ANTHRO 3000-4999.6

Anthropology Minor

There are three possible emphases in the minor: Cultural Anthropology, Archaeology, and Biological/Forensic Anthropology.

Select one of the following:3-4
Introduction To Cultural Anthropology
Introduction To Archaeology
Introduction To Biological Anthropology
Anthropology numbered 2100-21993
Anthropology numbered 3200-32993
Anthropology numbered 4000-4999 in addition to ANTHRO 43153
ANTHRO 4315Professionalism and Practice In Anthropology3
Total Hours15-16

A minimum of 15 anthropology credit hours is required. All required courses for the minor must be completed with a grade of C- or better.

Archaeology Certificate

ANTHRO 1019Introduction To Archaeology3
ANTHRO numbered 2100-2199 with an archaeological emphasis.3
ANTHRO numbered 3200-3299 with an archaeological emphasis.3
Archaeology methods courses at the 4100-4199 level, including ANTHRO 4100, Field Methods in Archaeology.5
Select one of the following:3
Internship In Archaeology
Cultural Resource Management And Historic Preservation
Total Hours17

Sample Four Year Plan 

First Year
FallHoursSpringHours
INTDSC 100311Foreign Language 10025
ANTHRO 10054General Education3
General Education33ANTHRO 10193
ANTHRO 10113ANTHRO 2000-2999 level course3
Foreign Language 10015 
 16 14
Second Year
FallHoursSpringHours
ANTHRO 2000-2999 level course3ANTHRO 2000-2999 level course3
Foreign Language 21013General Education 6
General Education6Elective or minor 6
Elective or minor3 
 15 15
Third Year
FallHoursSpringHours
Elective or minor 3General Education 6
ANTHRO 32023ANTHRO 3200-3299 course3
ANTHRO 3200-3299 level course3Elective or minor6
General Education3 
ENGL 31003 
 15 15
Fourth Year
FallHoursSpringHours
ANTHRO 3200-3299 level course3ANTHRO 43153
General Education6ANTHRO 4000-4311 Methods course2
ANTHRO 4000, 4100, or 420023General Education 3
Elective or minor 3Elective or minor7
 15 15
Total Hours: 120
1

INTDSC 1003 is required only for first-time freshmen and transfer students with less than 24 college credits.

2

ANTHRO 4100 typically offered in summer only. 

3

The general education courses listed assumes the U.S. History/Government requirement is fulfilled with a Social/Behavioral Science or Humanities general education course.

PLEASE NOTE: This plan is an example of what a four year plan could look like for a typical student. Placement exam scores in math as well as the completion of coursework may change the plan. It should not be used in the place of regular academic advising appointments. All students are encouraged to meet with their advisor each semester. All requirements are subject to change.
 

Courses

ANTHRO 1005 Introduction To Biological Anthropology: 4 semester hours

Topics include evolutionary theory and its development, the evolution/creationist debate. Mendelian & population genetics, the evolutionary place of humans within the animal kingdom, anatomical and behavioral characteristics of primates, fossilization, primate evolution, the human evolutionary fossil record, biological variability in modern humans, race as a biological concept, and applied biological anthropology. In addition to 3 hours of lecture, 1 hour per week is spent in lab classifying ancient human fossils, observing monkeys and apes at the zoo, and doing other projects. Satisfies the Natural Science and Mathematics (SM) breadth of study requirement.

ANTHRO 1011 Introduction To Cultural Anthropology: 3 semester hours

Cultural anthropology is the study of human beings as creatures and creators of society. This course is an introduction to that study which aims to demonstrate how the basic concepts and techniques developed by cultural anthropologists help us to understand societies of various degrees of complexity, including our own. We will consider topics such as language, kinship, gender, ethnicity, economics, politics, religion, and social change in a broad comparative framework. Major goals are an increased awareness of the social and cultural dimensions of human experience; the diversity and flexibility of human cultures; and processes of intercultural communication and conflict. This course satisfies the Cultural Diversity Requirement.

ANTHRO 1019 Introduction To Archaeology: 3 semester hours

Archaeology is a subfield of anthropology that studies past human societies from their material remains. Explores the development of archaeology as a scientific discipline. Archaeological methods and theories will be explained using case studies from the continents of Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe and the Americas. Satisfies the Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 1021 The Body In Culture: 3 semester hours

This course will compare uses of the body as a social signifier in Western and non-Western cultures. It will explore how culture shapes the images, uses and meanings of the human body. It concentrates on different historical and beliefs in five areas: how the body works; sex and gender; eating manners and food; pain and punishment; beauty and bodily mutilation. This course satisfies the Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 1025 World Cultures: 3 semester hours

An ethnographic survey of the major culture areas of the world (Africa, North and South America, Europe and Oceania). Satisfies the Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 1033 World Archaeology: 3 semester hours

Discusses some of the greatest discoveries in archaeology from prehistoric cultures to ancient civilizations of Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe and the Americas. Archaeological examples may include early human origins at Olduvia Gorge in Tanzania, the pyramids of ancient Egypt, the Maya and Aztec of Mexico, the rise of civilization in Mesopotamia, England's Stonehenge, the Roman city of Pompeii, upper Paleolithic cave paintings in France and Spain, and American Indian pueblos of the Southwest. This introductory course is designed for non-anthropology majors, or for those who are considering the major. Satisfies the Cultural Diverstiy requirement.

ANTHRO 1037 The Wonders of Greece: Introduction to Greek History and Culture: 3 semester hours

Same as HIST 1037. Our democracy and culture have been heavily influenced by Greek civilization. This course will introduce students to the culture and civilization of Greece in order to provide a better understanding of our own society. The course will cover the political and military history, art, literature, philosophy, and science of Greece from prehistoric to modern times, with special emphasis on Greek civilization's enduring democratic and cultural ideals. The course will include screening of films and use of online resources.

ANTHRO 1038 Byzantine History and Culture: 3 semester hours

Same as HIST 1038. This course introduces the history of the Byzantine Empire from the fourth through the fifteen centuries. Covering more than a millennium of history, this course focuses on selected aspects of the empire’s history, while adhering to a basic chronological frame. We will examine religious developments (monasticism, theological controversy, the Catholic-Orthodox Schism); military and cultural interactions with neighbors (Crusaders, Islam); and Byzantine culture, particularly art, literature, and architecture.

ANTHRO 1041 Sex And Gender Across Cultures: 3 semester hours

This course considers womanhood, manhood, third genders, and sexuality in a broad cross-cultural perspective. The focus of the course is on the diverse cultural logics that separate females, males, and sometimes third genders into different groups in different societies, with the male group usually being the more prestigious one. Focusing on the indigenous nonWestern cultures, this course examines gender roles and sexuality within the broader cultural contexts of ritual and symbolism, family, marriage and kinship, economy, politics, and public life. This course will help students understand what it is like to be male or female in non-Western cultures. This course fulfills the Cultural Diversity Requirement.

ANTHRO 1051 Sport, Culture, and Society: 3 semester hours

Same as SOC 1051. What is the relationship between sport, culture, and society? This course takes a critical and analytical approach to the relationship between sport and socio-cultural issues and institutions: values, education, socialization, deviance, violence, inequality, the mass media, and economics. Students will investigate the functions of sport in various cultures and societies, analyze the relationship between sport and social problems, and develop policy recommendations that address these issues.

ANTHRO 1052 The Olympic Games: Ideals And Reality: 3 semester hours

What would the ancient Greeks think of the modern Olympic Games? In this course, we examine whether the Olympic Games are living up to their ancient Greek ideals. We begin studying the history and philosophy of the ancient Olympic festival in an effort to understand the personal, educational, and political nature of the Olympic ideal. Next we examine the historical and contemporary reality of the modern Games from the perspective of athletes, spectators, and socity at large. Based on these accounts, we critically evaluate the Games' success and failure with respect to their ideals. Finally, we develop constructive solutions to the problems we identify, suggesting pracitical ways to revise the Olympic ideals and/or improve Olympic reality.

ANTHRO 1091 Introductory Topics In Anthropology: 3 semester hours

This course features special and current topics at the introductory level in the areas of social, cultural and physical anthropology and archaeology. The course examines the basic concepts and provides an understanding of the development of new trends and areas of study in the field of Anthropology. Topics will focus on the comparative study of non-Western cultures such as ecological practices in tribal societies; religious practices in prehistoric cultures; the roles of women across cultures; etc. Topics may vary and the course may be repeated provided topic is different. This course satisfies the Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 1095 Brief Overview Of The Four Fields Of Anthropology: 1 semester hour

Through the use of videos, readings, and the online course management system, this course provides a brief overview of the four traditional fields of anthropology: biological, archaeological, cultural, and linguistic anthropology. This course is designed for video instruction and offers minimal direct interaction with the instructor.

ANTHRO 1163 Disagreement, Difference, Diversity: 6 semester hours

Same as PHIL 1163. This interdisciplinary course will combine material from philosophy, anthropology, and sociology to examine the ways we encounter and accommodate disagreement in our daily lives. The unifying thread is our ability to deal with various sorts of opposition: differences of opinion, differences in practice, and differences in how we construct and address both biological and cultural variation. The course will combine units on informal logic and applied ethics from philosophy together with units on the social construction of difference and the understanding of human diversity from anthropology and sociology.

ANTHRO 1710 Native American Literature: 3 semester hours

The course surveys the literature of American Indians from its oral tradition of myth, legend, song, and oratory through its modern forms. The course satisfies the ethnic literature requirement for Missouri State Certification in Secondary Education and the College of Arts and Sciences Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 2035 Ancient Greek Civilization And Culture: 3 semester hours

A survey of the history, language, literature, art, science, and philosophy of the ancient Greeks from prehistory to the Roman conquest. It covers the glamorous Minoan-Mycenaean civilization, the rise of classical Greek civilization and the golden age, the history of the city states such as Athens and Sparta, and the Hellenistic period under Alexander the Great and his descendants. Examines the nature of the ancient Greek language, surveys literary classics such as the Iiad and the Odyssey, and describes the archaeology of Greek myths based on the ongoing UM-St. Louis archaeological project in Greece. Discusses the rise of humanism, the ancient Olympic Games, and the legacy of ancient Greece in Western civilization.

ANTHRO 2100 Languages and World View: 3 semester hours

Same as FGN LANG 2100 and SOC 2200 Prerequisites: Completion of two semesters of one foreign language at the college level. This course investigates the extent to which peoples’ linguistic and cultural background informs their understanding of the world. Experts on a variety of major Western and non-Western languages will introduce students to differences in ideas about time, space, human relationships, and other issues based on language. The course will also analyze common cultural misunderstandings among native speakers of English and speakers of other languages.

ANTHRO 2105 Human Variation: 3 semester hours

This course will look at the variation that exists within our own species, both between and within populations. It will investigate the evolutionary and genetic basis of human variation, as well as its diversity, adaptive significance, and distribution. Topics covered will include: body shape and physiology, blood groups, susceptibility to disease, and skin color. It will survey historical attempts to classify humans into different "races"; assess definitions of race as a solely cultural construct; and critique attempts to link race, intelligence and performance.

ANTHRO 2109 Archaeological Field School: 3-6 semester hours

Prerequisites: Consent of instructor. Introduction to field methods in archaeology and to the techniques of recording, storing, analyzing, and reporting archaeological findings. Experience is gained through participation in a field research project including excavation and survey projects. Emphasis is placed upon research design and implementation and upon the use of archaeological data in describing and explaining human behavior.

ANTHRO 2111 Cultures Of East Asia: 3 semester hours

An ethnographic and historical survey of the various people of East Asia including Japan, China, North and South Korea, Hong Kong and Macau. Includes an examination of the varying cultural and social developments within and through the historical, geographical, and cultural environments. This course satisfies the Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 2114 Cultures Of The Near And Middle East: 3 semester hours

A study of the cultural diversity and unity of the peoples of the Near and Middle East. Emphasis on historical and ethnological relationships, social and political structure, religious beliefs and contemporary problems. This course satisfies the non-Euro-American requirement.

ANTHRO 2117 Greek History And Culture: 3 semester hours

Same as HIST 2117. Greek civilization has had a deep impact on contemporary society in art; social; political; and economic organization; philosophy; law; medicine; and science. This course covers major aspects of Greek history and culture from antiquity to the present. It considers the major political and military events of Greek history, as well as important aspects of Greek culture, including sports and the history of the Olympic Games, literature, philosophy, and mythology.

ANTHRO 2118 Modern Greek History and Culture: 3 semester hours

Same as HIST 2118. A history of Modern Greece, from the fall of Constantinople (1453) to the present, with an emphasis on social, cultural, and political developments. The course will provide a chronological framework of events and it will utilize art, literature, and folklore, along with traditional historical sources, to gain a better understanding of the richness of modern Greek history and culture.

ANTHRO 2120 Native Peoples Of North America: 3 semester hours

A survey of Native Peoples of North America including the prehistory, ethnographic and linguistic groupings, social organization, and cultural systems of these cultures.

ANTHRO 2121 Native American Spirituality: 3 semester hours

This class will look at the important role of spirituality in American Indian ways of life. This course covers indigenous peoples of the United States and Canada, from prehistoric times to the present. It will look at traditional worldviews and their preservation in contemporary times, including the use of symbols to define tribal identities; religious rituals and practices; and the relationship between humans, animals, and nature. Satisfies Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 2123 Cultures Of Oceania: 3 semester hours

An introduction to the original cultures and peoples of the South and Western pacific: New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, Samoa, Hawaii, Easter Island, etc. Focus is on art, religion, language, relationships to the environment, economics, politics social groupings, and how these intertwine to form distinctly adaptive cultures in one of the least understood regions of the world. This course satisfies the Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 2124 Cultures Of Africa: 3 semester hours

A basic ethnographic survey of African cultures, with attention to social groupings, tribalism, religion, language social change, and the ecological relationship between humans and nature. This course satisfies the Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 2126 Archaeology Of Greater St Louis: 3 semester hours

Discussion of Ice Age hunters and gatherers, moundbuilders, fur traders, farmers and industrial workers from the history of the Greater St. Louis Community. The physical testimony to their lives remains buried beneath city streets and buildings. Archeology is our link to this cultural legacy. Through use of archeological data and historical sources, this class will explore human social and cultural developments in St. Louis.

ANTHRO 2131 Archaeology Of Missouri: 3 semester hours

An introduction to the prehistoric American Indian cultures of Missouri and adjacent areas from 20,000 years ago to the coming of the Europeans. Examines the development of prehistoric cultures in Missouri from small bands of hunters and gatherers to moundbuilding, agricultural socieites and discusses the decline of indigenous cultures as they came into contact with European civilization. Satisfies the Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 2132 Archaeology Of North America: 3 semester hours

Examines the archaeological record of human developments throughout prehistoric North America. Topics of discussion include the origins of human culture in America, the processes of prehistoric cultural development in the different regions of the continent, and archaeological approaches to explaining the behavior of North America's prehistoric inhabitants. Satisfies the Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 2134 Archaeology Of The Inca, Aztec, And Maya: 3 semester hours

Provides an overview of human social and cultural developments in Mesoamerica and Andean South America from the first settlements over 20,000 years ago to the Spanish conquest. Focuses on events leading to and including the establishment of Classic Mayan and Aztec societies, and discusses changes that led to what was perhaps the largest nation on earth for its time, the Inca. Satisfies the Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 2191 Special Topics In Non-Western Culture: 3 semester hours

This course focuses on a specific non-western culture, or geographically related groups of cultures. Ethnographic and/or archaeological cultures are chosen and their ecological economic, social, religious, cosmological, political, ethnic, linguistic and other cultural domains are examined. Students are exposed to basic concepts and knowledge for understanding diverse cultures in their historical and/or contemporary contexts of development and relationship. Topics will vary. Satisfies Cultural Diversity Requirement.

ANTHRO 2192 Anthropological Perspectives on Western Culture: 3 semester hours

This course focuses on a specific Western culture or geographically-related group of cultures utilizing ethnographic and/or archaeological sources. Ecological, economic, social, political, ethnic, religious, linguistic and cultural domains will be examined. Students are exposed to basic anthropological concepts for understanding diverse cultures in their historical and/or contemporary contexts. Topics will vary.

ANTHRO 3202 History and Theory of Anthropology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1005, ANTHRO 1006, ANTHRO 1011, or ANTHRO 1019. An overview of the history and theory of anthropology from the Victorian era to today with an emphasis on putting theory into practice. The purpose of the course is to help students understand where anthropology has come from and where it may be going, and to teach students how to apply theory to specific questions and problems.

ANTHRO 3209 Forensic Anthropology: 4 semester hours

Same as CRIMIN 3209. Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1005, or BIOL 1102, or junior standing, or consent of instructor. Students learn basic dental and skeletal anatomy and the methods used by biological anthropologists and archaeologists to collect and analyze human skeletal remains, including how to determine age and sex of skeletal ramains, identify ethnic markers, determine stature and handedness, and identify the presence of trauma and/or pathology. Also covers the role of the forensic anthropologist in crime scene investigations and human rights issues. In the weekly lab section students will have an opportunity for hands-on application of techniques to analyze skeletal remains.

ANTHRO 3210 Applied Anthropology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011, or introductory course in another social science, or consent of instructor. A description and analysis of the methods, principles and use of anthropology in solution of practical problems associated with the changing conditions of our times. The course will examine a wide variety of cross-cultural case studies.

ANTHRO 3211 Language and Society: 3 semester hours

Same as SOC 3211. Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011, or SOC 1010 or consent of the instructor. Variable topics in the subfield of linguistic anthropology will be explored. The focus of the course may include study of communication as part of our evolutionary heritage, the use of language as an index of social and cultural change, language and gender, or other topics.

ANTHRO 3212 Medical Anthropology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011, or introductory course in another social science or consent of instructor. An examination of the growing interaction between anthropology and medicine, and the increasing use of anthropologists in medical and health-care settings. In addition to teaching current theory in medical anthropology, the course focuses on anthropologically-based skills essential to those working in health-related fields.

ANTHRO 3214 Writing Systems of the World: 3 semester hours

ANTHRO 1011 or consent of instructor.This course is an introduction to the comparative study of writing systems from around the world. It explores the origin and development of Sumerian cuneiform, Mayan glyphs, Egyptian hieroglyphs, Chinese characters, alphabets and syllabaries. It encompasses time periods from the decipherment of ancient languages to the intersections of writing and culture found in the contemporary world.

ANTHRO 3215 Aging Across Cultures: 3 semester hours

Same as GERON 3215. Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011 or PSYCH 1003 or SOC 1010, or consent of instructor. This course examines the wide ranging variability in the roles of older people across different cultures and the effects these have on older people, their families, and their societies.

ANTHRO 3216 Cognition Across Cultures: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011 or introductory course in another social science, or consent of instructor. This course explores cognition - perception, knowledge and thought - as a set of social and cultural processes. An introduction to methods for understanding the human mind in context. It will cover key debates, including: cross-cultural variation in thought processes (cognitive relativity vs. psychic unity), the relation between physiology and consciousness, ethnoscience, the social and cultural construction of reality, the different ways that social contexts affect the way people think, the implications of the way knowledge is distributed across society, the social and cultural basis of logic.

ANTHRO 3220 Social Statistics: 3 semester hours

Same as SOC 3220. Prerequisites: SOC 1010 or ANTHRO 1011 and MATH 1020 or MATH 1030. Issues and techniques of statistical analyses relevant to quantitative social science research, e.g. elementary probability, measures of central tendency and dispersion, measures of relationships including linear regression and correlation, inferential and nonparametric statistics. The course includes an introduction to computer-based statistical analysis.

ANTHRO 3225 Ritual, Death And Sports: Archaeology Of Greek Mythology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1019 or ANTHRO 1011 or consent of instructor. Since the beginning of our existence, humans have pondered the mysteries of life and death and have strived to find meaning in a constantly changing world. In Western civilization, Greek mythology and religion represent humanity's earliest attempts to deal with the greater forces that affect our lives, which found expression in the great religious and athletic festivals, such as the Olympic Games. We will study the myths, rituals, religious beliefs of the ancient Greeks and how these were expressed in sports and art, in order to get a glimpse of the supernatural. The sources of our exploration are two: the fascinating archaeological discoveries of ancient Greek sites and relevant readings from the ancient Greek literature.

ANTHRO 3227 Monsters & Victims: Women Dramatis Personae in Greek Tragedy & Contemporary Drama: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011, or introductory course in another social science, or consent of instructor.This course explores female dramatic figures in ancient Greek tragedies that represent women either as victims and/or monsters. From Iphigenia, Alcestis, and Hecuba to Clytemnestra, Phaedra and Medea, it analyzes issues such as the role of sex, gender, female sexuality, ritual and domestic violence in the image-making of women as either scapegoats or monsters by the major Greek tragedians, particularly Euripides. It explores contemporary adaptations by several women playwrights in light of theoretical readings by feminist critics.

ANTHRO 3228 People and Plants: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011 or ANTHRO 1019 or consent of instructorThis course is designed to introduce students to complex relationships between people and plants. We will focus on how plants are perceived, managed, and used across human societies. Topics span the ages and include collection of wild plants and "Stone Age" diets; the origins of agriculture in Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, China, and the Americas; the development of crops and GMOs; industrial agriculture; organic gardening; and the wilderness-to-table movement. While emphasis will be on food plants, we will also discuss the use of plants as medicines, cosmetics, dyes, and construction materials.

ANTHRO 3229 Economic Archaeology And Anthropology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011 or ANTHRO 1019 or consent of instructor. Course examines economic organization and behavior in a crosscultural context. It looks at the various ways anthropologists have approached the study of economy, and explores how cultural factors such as relations of power, gender, kinship, and ideology affect economic organization in ancient and modern societies. Most of the course will focus on pre-industrial societies (including hunter-gather, tribal, and complex societies), and will address issues of subsistence strategies, craft production and specialization, trade and exchange, money, and markets. It will also briefly explore how modern communities around the globe are responding to contemporary processes like capitalism and globalization.

ANTHRO 3235 Women In Subsaharan Africa: A Contemporary Perspective: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011, or introductory course in another social science, or consent of instructor. Examines important traditional concerns of anthropologists such as the nature of kinship obligation and privilege; gender as a basis for the division of labor; social organization for formal and informal networks; and ritual and ceremony. In addition we look closely at the changing role of African women, as related by African women testing the very limits of what is "socially and culturally acceptable." The roles women continue to play in politics, comprehensive development (i.e. cultural and economic), and evolving social structures are reviewed to gain an understanding of the historical and contemporary mandates for their social action. This course fulfills the Cultural Diversity requirement.

ANTHRO 3236 Sex Trafficking in Cross-Cultural Perspective: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1041, GS 2150 or GS 2102 or consent of instructor. This course introduces the history of and current issues in the international sex industry, including human trafficking, slavery, and prostitution in Europe, Asia, Africa, South America, and North America. It will evaluate the power structures (political, economic, and military institutions) and the process, organization and structure of the industry within the context of nationality, ethnicity, and class, with particular emphasis on voluntary (immigration) and forced (displacement) population migration. Finally, it will look at current legislation and methods to control this growing problem, especially in the United States.

ANTHRO 3237 Japanese Popular Culture: 3 semester hours

Same as SOC 3237. Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011. Through biographies, fiction, films, anime, manga, television, music, magazines, and other media, the course investigates a range of topics related to Japanese history, social diversity, subcultural identity, gender, demographic change, and media. The study of Japanese popular culture is ideal for understanding theoretical issues such as the construction of gender and sexuality, identity formation, nationalism, emerging youth cultures, and the processes of globalization and localization. Satisfies University cultural diversity requirements.

ANTHRO 3270 Human Ecology, Cultural Collapse, and Sustainable Developments: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1019 or consent of the instructor. Human interactions with the natural environment will be explored by reviewing approaches, concepts, and tools from ecological anthropology and archaeology. Case studies based on archaeological, ethnographic, and ethnological data will be analyzed and discussions expanded to include information about past and present, sustainable human-environmental interactions, policies, and contributing institutions.

ANTHRO 3290 Advanced Topics In Archaeology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1019, or consent of instructor. Selected topics in archeology with a strong theoretical and methodological approach. Requires substantial reading and writing. May be repeated with consent of department.

ANTHRO 3291 Current Issues In Anthropology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011, or introductory course in another social science, or consent of instructor. Selected topics in social, cultural and physical anthropology, with emphasis on current issues and trends in the field of anthropology. May be repeated provided topic is different.

ANTHRO 4000 Ethnographic Field Research Methods: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011, SOC 1010, or consent of Instructor. Ethnographic field research is the basis of cultural anthropological inquiry. This course emphasizes hands-on training in the collection and analysis of ethnographic data, including participant observation, taking and managing field notes, key informant interviewing, content analysis and the preparation of ethnographic field reports.

ANTHRO 4005 Special Research Methods in Cultural Anthropology: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1011 or consent of instructor. Advanced instruction in specialized technical and analytical skills and methods used to conduct research in cultural anthropology and/or linguistic anthropology. May be repeated provided the topic is different.

ANTHRO 4100 Field Methods in Archaeology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1019 or consent of instructor. Advanced instruction in archaeological field methods including techniques of recording, storing, analyzing, and reporting archaeological findings. Experience is gained through participation in excavations and/or surveys. Emphasis is placed upon research design and implementation and the use of archaeological data in describing and explaining human behavior.

ANTHRO 4105 Special Research Methods in Archaeology: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1019 or consent of instructor. Advanced instruction in specialized technical and analytical skills and methods used to conduct research in archaeology. May be repeated provided the topic is different.

ANTHRO 4160 Geographical Information Systems in Anthropology and Sociology: 4 semester hours

Same as SOC 4160. Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1005, or ANTHRO 1011, or ANTHRO 1019, or SOC 1010, or consent of instructor.Instruction in use of GIS software to record and analyze findings in archaeology, biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, and sociology. Emphasis is placed upon research design, development of data collection methodologies, and the use of GIS in describing and explaining human behavior and its relationship to the physical environment.

ANTHRO 4200 Field Methods in Biological Anthropology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1006, SOC 3220 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. Course material based on primate behavior, demographics, and morphology. Research techniques for ethological and primatological studies, including the design of research protocols, development of data collection methodologies, analysis of morphological and behavioral data, and the scientific description of findings. Students are required to conduct observations of primates at the St. Louis Zoo and participate in the Undergraduate Research Symposium.

ANTHRO 4205 Special Research Methods in Biological Anthropology: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1005 or consent of instructor. Advanced instruction in specialized technical and analytical skills and methods used to conduct research in biological anthropology. May be repeated provided the topic is different.

ANTHRO 4305 Special Research Methods in Anthropology: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1005 or ANTHRO 1011 or ANTHRO 1019 or consent of instructor. Advanced instruction in specialized technical and analytical skills and methods used to conduct research in anthropology and may combine skills from cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, archaeology, and/or biological anthropology. May be repeated provided the topic is different.

ANTHRO 4307 Community Based Research in Anthropology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: Junior standing, ANTHRO 1011, ANTHRO 3202, and completion of junior-level writing requirement. An advanced course in qualitative/ethnographic modes of inquiry, building on research and analytical skills learned in previous courses. Some quantitative methods may supplement the research when appropriate. Students experience the process of discovery, representation, presentation, and justification based on fieldwork and/or archival research. The focus is on applying anthropological knowledge to practical issues faced by communities and institutions in the St. Louis area. May be repeated provided the topic is repeated.

ANTHRO 4309 Archaeological Field School: 3-6 semester hours

Prerequisites: Consent of instructor. Advanced methods in field archaeology and laboratory analysis. Emphasis is placed on sampling, the use of theory in guiding field and laboratory work, advanced field techniques, and speciality analysis. Opportunities are provided for the development of field and laboratory leadership skills. Independent research is encouraged.

ANTHRO 4310 Laboratory Methods In Archaeology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1019, SOC 3220 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. An advanced laboratory analysis and curation methods class. The emphases are 1) mastery of general lab methods and procedures, and 2) development of independent analysis skills in one or more specialty areas such as lithics, ceramics, computer graphics, statistical methods, paleoethnobotany, experimental analysis, and soils.

ANTHRO 4312 Cultural Resource Management And Historic Preservation: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: ANTHRO 1019 or Consent of Instructor. This course will introduce proper practices of cultural resource management and historic preservation. It provides a technical and theoretical bridge between anthropological archaeology and its application to the management of resources.Among the issues covered will be relevant legislation, the phased approach to archaeological and historical research, state and federal review procedures, proposal writing,interacting with clients, consulting with native peoples, and public and professional ethics and standards. This course will provide hands-on experience. Because one of the skills most sought by project managers and employers is writing competence, it will be writing intensive.

ANTHRO 4315 Professionalism and Practice In Anthropology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: Senior standing and consent of Instructor. The capstone course for anthropology majors, ideally taken in the final semester of the senior year. Students will learn to apply the anthropological knowledge and ethics gained in previous courses within professional settings. Skills include developing a CV; applying to graduate schools and jobs; making oral presentations; and writing grant proposals, public policy recommendations, consulting reports, and diplomatic communications. Final senior exit project will be reviewed by Anthropology faculty members.

ANTHRO 4316 Senior Research Project: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: Senior standing and consent of the instructor. For undergraduates who have excelled in their coursework and wish to conduct original research. Students will work with a faculty member with expertise relevant to the research topic. This course offers students the opportunity to build upon strong research, analytic and writing skills. Completion of this course will result in the writing of a thesis, publication of an article, presentation at a professional meeting, or other work that exemplifies high achievement.

ANTHRO 4325 Internship In Cultural Anthropology: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisite: Recommendation of major advisor. Students will be assigned an internship on recommendation of their advisor. Internships will consist of a period of study, observation, and training in an appropriate public or private institution, business, or government office. Cultural Anthropology internships are aimed at providing students with opportunities to learn to apply their knowledge of social and cultural process and diversity to practical situations in the market place of ideas, goods, and services. Specific placements will be selected to match student's interests and career goals.

ANTHRO 4326 Internship In Archaeology: 1-6 semester hours

Prerequisite: Recommendation of major advisor. Students will be assigned an internship on recommendation of their advisor. Internships will consist of a period of study, observation, and training in an appropriate public or private institution, business, or government office. Archaeology internships are aimed at providing students with opportunities to work with professional archaeologists in public and private research environments including laboratories and curation centers. Specific placements will be selected to match student's interests and career goals.

ANTHRO 4328 Internship In Museum Studies: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisite: Recommendation of major advisor. Students will be assigned an internship on recommendation of their advisor. Internships will consist of a period of study, observation, and training in an appropriate museum or other exhibition oriented institution. Museum internships are aimed at providing students with opportunities to work with professional museologists to learn skills relating to areas such as exhibition, curation, public programming, research, and publication. Specific placements will be selected to match student's interests and career goals.

ANTHRO 4329 Internship In Physical Anthropology: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisite: Recommendation of major advisor. Students will be assigned an internship on recommendation of their advisor. Internships will consist of a period of study, observation, and training in an appropriate institution, lab, or research setting related to forensics, primate behavior and biology, human genetics, population, environmental policy, and other domains related to physical anthropology.

ANTHRO 4350 Special Study: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Independent study through readings, reports, or field research. No student may take more than a cumulative total of 6 hours of Special Study.

ANTHRO 4391 Current Issues In Anthropology: 1-4 semester hours

Prerequisite: ANTHRO 1011 or consent of instructor. Selected topics in social, cultural, and physical anthropology, with emphasis on current issues and trends in the field of anthropology. May be repeated. Non-majors may register for ANTHRO 2191.

ANTHRO 5440 Cultural Aspects Of Aging: 3 semester hours

Same as GERON 5440. Prerequisites: Graduate status or consent of the instructor. Focuses on the variety of solutions encountered in different sociocultural contexts for dealing with the problems, challenges and opportunities of growing old. It is organized around topics that are of concern to both anthropology and social gerontology: the status of the aged, intergenerational relations, aging in modernizing societies, ethnic dimensions of aging in complex societies, health in later life, death and dying. Both in-depth case studies and cross-cultural comparisons are examined in an effort to arrive at a culturally informed assessment of factors affecting aging and the aged in the United States.

ANTHRO 5592 The History of the Visual Arts in American Museums: 3 semester hours

Same as HIST 5592 and ART HS 5592. Prerequisites: Graduate standing and consent of instructor. This course is an introduction to selected topics in the history of museology, focusing on art and anthropology museums as sites for the interpretations of art and culture, and as contested meeting grounds for various views of history and culture.

ANTHRO 6135 Foundations Of Museology I: 3 semester hours

Same as ART HS 6035 and HIST 6135. Prerequisites: Consent of Director of Museum Studies Program. Concepts for understanding museums in their social and cultural context; history of museums; museology and general social theory; information transfer vs. meaning-making models; museums and communities; the changing role of museums; museums as complex organizations; process models of museology.

ANTHRO 6136 Foundations Of Museology II: 3 semester hours

Same as ART HS 6036 and HIST 6136. Prerequisites: Consent of Director of Museum Studies Program. Audience-centered approaches to museology; visitor research and learning theory; philosophical and practical considerations in museum planning; the physical design of museums; creativity; exhibit and program development; collections and curation; the challenge of diversity; the future of museums.

ANTHRO 6137 Museum Organization and Operations: 3 semester hours

Same as: ART HS 6037 and HIST 6137. Prerequisites: Consent of Director of Museum Studies Program. This course looks at museum organization and operations in the 21st century.As museums become more focused on visitors, communities, and private donors, their structures, staffing, and practices have changed. This course introduces students to the wide range of museum professions, the evolving function of museums, the effects of new technologies, and the challenges of administration and funding in constrained economic circumstances. The course includes scrutiny of ethical issues such as disputed collections, intellectual property rights, organizational conflicts, and community collaboration and planning.

ANTHRO 6138 Museum Studies Master's Project: 4 semester hours

Same as ART HS 6038 and HIST 6138. Prerequisites: Consent of Director of Museum Studies program. Research and writing/exhibit development on a selected topic.

ANTHRO 6139 Practicum In Exhibit & Program Development: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: Consent of Director of Museum Studies Program. Development of exhibits and related education programs. Students work as teams with museum professionals to develop and implement an exhibit concept that integrates design, education, and marketing from the onset. Methods in planning, flow charting, budgeting, team dynamics and related skills.

Susan E. Brownell
Professor
Ph.D., University of California-Santa Barbara

Michael Cosmopoulos
Hellenic Government-Karakas Family Foundation Endowed Professor of Greek Studies and Professor of Archaeology
Ph.D., Washington University in St. Louis

Maris Boyd Gillette
E. Desmond Lee Professor of Museum Studies and Community History
Ph.D., Harvard University

Laura Miller
Eiichi Shibusawa-Seigo Arai Endowed Professor in Japanese Studies
Ph.D., University of California-Los Angeles

Sheilah Clarke-Ekong
Associate Professor
Ph.D., University of California-Los Angeles

Margo-Lea Hurwicz
Associate Professor
Ph.D., University of California-Los Angeles

Patti Wright
Associate Professor
Ph.D., Washington University in St. Louis

Sarah Lacy
Assistant professor
Ph.D. , Washington University in St. Louis

Roland Erwin
Adjunct Associate Professor
Ph.D, University of Southern Illinois-Carbondale

Monte Abbott
Adjunct Assistant Professor
M.A., Washington University in St. Louis

Catherine Koziol
Adjunct Assistant Professor
M.A., Washington University in St. Louis

Scott Schaffnit
Adjunct Assistant Professor
M.A., in Museum Studies, University of Missouri-St. Louis

Jay Rounds
Founder's Professor
Ph.D., University of California-Los Angeles

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