Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Campus Address: 315 Benton Hall
Web Site: http://www.umsl.edu/~biotech/
Main Number: 314-516-4392
Fax Number: 314-516-5342

General Information

Degrees

The Biochemistry and Biotechnology Program provides academic programs leading to the undergraduate B.S. degree or the graduate M.S. degree in Biochemistry and Biotechnology. These degrees are offered in cooperation with the Department of Biology and the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry. Faculty members in this program are engaged in teaching and research in areas such as biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, cell biology and developmental biology. Majors have the opportunity through coursework, laboratories, seminars and research experience to develop the knowledge and skills necessary to enter the workforce or to go on with further graduate education.

Career Outlook

The emerging Biotechnology sector is increasing the regional and national demand for workers with significant training in molecular biology, biochemistry, and genetics. The St. Louis metropolitan area has long been a major center for biochemistry and biotechnology, and in the past decade it has become a national hub for life sciences research and development activity. A degree in Biochemistry and Biotechnology provides students with the training they need to become part of the broad biotechnology and life sciences industries.

Undergraduate Studies

Degree Requirements

Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry and Biotechnology

General Education Requirements

Students must satisfy the university and college general education requirements. Some math or science courses required for the major may be used to meet the science and mathematics requirement of the university. There is no foreign language requirement for the degree.

All Biochemistry & Biotechnology majors are required to take a capstone seminar (either CHEM 4797 or BIOL 4797) during the semester in which they plan to graduate (the winter semester for students graduating in the summer). Students may not receive credit for both CHEM 4797 and BIOL 4797).

Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory Option

Up to 18 credit hours may be taken on a satisfactory /unsatisfactory (s/u). Excluded from this option are required courses in biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics.

Non-major Biology or Chemistry courses

Courses in Biology with a number less than 1800 and courses in Chemistry with a number less than 1100 do not count toward the credit hours required for a major in biochemistry and biotechnology.

Biology Core Courses
BIOL 1831Introductory Biology: From Molecules To Organisms5
BIOL 2012Genetics3
BIOL 2013Genetics Laboratory2
BIOL 2482Microbiology3
BIOL 2483Microbiology Laboratory2
BIOL 3622Cell Biology3
Chemistry Core Courses
CHEM 1111Introductory Chemistry I5
CHEM 1121Introductory Chemistry II5
CHEM 2223Quantitative Analysis3
CHEM 2612Organic Chemistry I3
CHEM 2622Organic Chemistry II3
CHEM 2633Organic Chemistry Laboratory2
CHEM 3302Physical Chemistry For The Life Sciences3
Math and Physics Core Courses
MATH 1030College Algebra3
MATH 1035Trigonometry2
MATH 1100Basic Calculus3
or MATH 1800 Analytic Geometry And Calculus I
PHYSICS 1011Basic Physics I4
PHYSICS 1012Basic Physics II4
Biochemistry and Biotechnology Core Courses
BIOL 4602Molecular Biology (if both courses are taken, one can be used as an elective)3
or BIOL 4612 Molecular Genetics Of Bacteria
BIOL 4614Biotechnology Laboratory I (if both courses are taken , one can be used as an elective)4
or BIOL 4615 Biotechnology Laboratory II
BIOL/CHEM 4712Biochemistry3
CHEM 4733Biochemistry Laboratory2
CHEM 4722Advanced Biochemistry3
BIOL 4797Biochemistry and Biotechnology Seminar (Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4797 and CHEM 4797)1
or CHEM 4797 Biochemistry and Biotechnology Seminar
Biochemistry and Biotechnology Elective Courses
Select two of the following:6
Bacterial Pathogenesis
Molecular Biology
Molecular Genetics Of Bacteria
Biotechnology Laboratory I
Biotechnology Laboratory II
Cellular Basis of Disease
Nucleic Acid Structure And Function
Plant Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering
Virology
Immunobiology
Research (up to 3 credit hours)
Selected Topics (when relevant)
Advanced Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Chemical Research
Physical Biochemistry
Total Hours80
Electives

Recommendations include basic statistics (MATH 1310 or MATH 1320), computer science, public speaking (COMM 1040), foreign language, ethics, and undergraduate research.

Research Opportunity

Students may use up to 3 credit hours of undergraduate research as elective hours in the B.S. degree. This provides an opportunity to gain research experience under the supervision of a faculty member. The project will normally include a review of the literature, laboratory experience and a final research report.

Minor in Biology

Students who complete the B.S. degree in Biochemistry and Biotechnology may also obtain a minor in biology by completing BIOL 1821, Introductory Biology : Organisms and the Environment. The minor must be approved by the chair of the Department of Biology. At least 9 hours of the biology course credits must be taken in residence at UMSL. Candidates must have a cumulative grade point average of 2.0 or better in the minor, and none of the courses may be taken on a satisfactory/unsatisfactory (s/u) basis.

Minor in Chemistry

Students who complete the B.S. degree in Biochemistry and Biotechnology will also fulfill the course requirements for a minor in Chemistry. A GPA of at least 2.0 is required for the courses presented for the minor. At least three courses toward the Chemistry minor must be completed at UMSL.

Learning Outcomes

Students often think of the physical and life sciences as areas in which one masters a collection of “scientific facts”. However, an education in Biochemistry & Biotechnology involves much more than memorizing facts. Students in this program will develop a well-rounded set of competencies in several critical areas. These include:

  • Discipline-Specific Knowledge. Graduates from this program will have a solid foundation in the content areas of chemistry, biology, and biochemistry. A certain emphasis on specific, descriptive data is necessary. But the larger emphasis is on a clear understanding of the overriding principles and theorems of these areas that allow students to evaluate specific data within a larger context.
  • Laboratory Skills. Scientists not only learn the results of others, they work in the lab to generate new knowledge. Graduates will learn the basic skills associated with performing laboratory experiments in chemistry, biology, and biochemistry, and they will learn how to critically evaluate their data. This includes an appreciation of the potential sources of error associated with laboratory measurements.
  • Problem Solving Skills. Graduates will develop the ability to solve problems in their discipline. In part, this expands on laboratory skills, as students learn how to interpret and evaluate their data. These skills also include learning how to take general principles from various areas of chemistry, biochemistry, and biology and apply them to the solution of specific problems.
  • Communication Skills. Graduates must not only be able to solve problems, they must also be able to communicate those solutions to others. Graduates will learn how to write scientific reports and papers and will be able to make effective oral presentations of their results and ideas.
  • Scientific Literacy. Scientists must be able to build on the previous work of others and to put their new results into the larger context of the field. This requires the ability to work effectively with the scientific literature. Graduates will be able to use the specialized search engines associated with the vast literature in chemistry, biology, and biochemistry to find and retrieve information. Graduates will also have the knowledge background necessary to read papers from the literature with good comprehension.
  • Professional Ethics. Graduates will understand and respect the accepted standards of conduct associated with the scientific profession. This will include honestly and objectively evaluating and reporting data and demonstrating the proper respect for the published work of others.

Graduate Studies

Degree Requirements

Master of Science in Biochemistry and Biotechnology

The Biochemistry and Biotechnology Program offers three types of Master of Science degrees.

  • One is a non-thesis option suitable for those with laboratory research experience or for others, such as educators, who do not require research experience.
  • The second is a 32 credit hour Professional Science emphasis area that includes a strong business component for students who are interested in learning more about the business aspects of companies. This track may not be appropriate for students who are interested in pursuing a PhD or working primarily as laboratory scientists.
  • The third option includes laboratory-based research under the supervision of one of the program faculty members, leading to a written thesis. All students admitted to the graduate program are considered to be in the non-thesis program. They may transfer into the thesis program after they have been accepted as a thesis student by one of the faculty.
M.S. Admission Requirements

Applicants to the M.S. program must submit a completed application and personal data forms, two letters of recommendation from faculty at previously-attended colleges or universities, and transcripts of all previous postsecondary academic work. Applicants whose undergraduate degree is from a university outside of the United States must submit GRE scores (verbal, quantitative, and analytical). For students with a degree from a U.S. university, submission of Graduate Record Examination scores, although not required, is highly recommended. Admission as a regular graduate student requires graduation from an accredited college with a minimum grade point overall and in biology and chemistry courses of 3.0 (where A=4.0). Students will generally be expected to have completed a major in biology, chemistry, biochemistry or biotechnology. In addition to the Graduate School admission requirements, applicants should have completed an undergraduate course in biochemistry (equivalent to BIOL 4712 / CHEM 4712). Successful applicants will typically have completed courses in organic chemistry, cell biology, and genetics. Applicants may be asked to make up any deficiencies in these areas as a condition of enrollment.

All international applicants, except those from countries where English is the primary language, must take the TOEFL. Ordinarily, a score of 213 on the computer-based exam (550 on the paper-based exam or 80 on the internet-based exam) or better is required.

Requirements

Both the thesis and non-thesis options require a total of 30 graduate credit hours, of which at least half must be at the 5000-level or above. A maximum of 12 or 5 credit hours of Graduate Research (BIOL 6905 or CHEM 6905) may be applied toward the 30 credit hour total for the thesis or non-thesis options, respectively. Students must have a 3.0 GPA in non-research courses.

Required Courses
CHEM 4722Advanced Biochemistry3
CHEM 5774Bioinformatics3
BIOL 6615Advanced Biotechnology Laboratory II4
BIOL 6602Advanced Molecular Biology3
BIOL 6889Graduate Seminar2
Elective Courses
CHEM 4733Biochemistry Laboratory2
CHEM 4772Physical Biochemistry3
CHEM 5694Special Topics In Organic Chemistry3
CHEM 5794Special Topics In Biochemistry3
CHEM 6787Problem Seminar In Biochemistry1
CHEM 6905Graduate Research In Chemistry1-10
BIOL 4842Immunobiology3
BIOL 5069Topics In Cellular And Molecular Biology1
BIOL 6442Advanced Developmental Biology3
BIOL 6550Advanced Bacterial Pathogenesis3
BIOL 6602Advanced Molecular Biology3
BIOL 6612Advanced Molecular Genetics Of Bacteria3
BIOL 6622Advanced Cellular Basis of Disease3
BIOL 6632Advanced Nucleic Acid Structure And Function3
BIOL 6642Advanced Plant Biology And Biotechnology3
BIOL 6652Advanced Virology3
BIOL 6699Graduate Internship In Biotechnology1-4
BIOL 6889Graduate Seminar2
BIOL 6905Graduate Research In Biology1-10
BIOL 6920Topics In Biology (when relevant)2-5

Professional Science Master's Emphasis

(pending CBHE approval)

This track requires a total of 32 graduate credit hours, of which at least half must be at the 5000-level or above. Students take 21 credit hours of science courses (Biology and Chemistry) and 9 hours in business courses. In addition, each student is required to take 2 credit hours of either an on-campus practicum course or an off-campus internship.

Required Courses in Biology and Chemistry
CHEM 4722Advanced Biochemistry3
CHEM 5774Bioinformatics3
or BIOL 5436 Applied Bioinformatics
BIOL 6615Advanced Biotechnology Laboratory II4
BIOL 6602Advanced Molecular Biology3
or BIOL 6612 Advanced Molecular Genetics Of Bacteria
BIOL 6889Graduate Seminar2
Required Internship or Practicum2
Choose one of the following:
Practicum in Science in Business
Internship in Science in Business
Professional Science Business Electives 9
Industrial And Organizational Psychology
Economics For Managers
Managerial Communication
Managing People in Organizations
Contemporary Marketing Concepts
Law, Ethics And Business
Elective Courses in Biology and Chemistry6
Biochemistry Laboratory
Interdisciplinary Topics In Biochemistry
Physical Biochemistry
Special Topics In Organic Chemistry
Special Topics In Biochemistry
Problem Seminar In Biochemistry 1
Graduate Research In Chemistry 2
Graduate Research In Biology
Immunobiology
Advanced Molecular Biology
Advanced Molecular Genetics Of Bacteria
Advanced Cellular Basis of Disease
Advanced Nucleic Acid Structure And Function
Advanced Plant Biology And Biotechnology
Advanced Virology
Topics In Biology
Total Hours32
1

 Can be repeated for up to 2 credit hours.

2

  Can be taken for up to 2 credit hours in either CHEM 6905 or BIOL 6905. Students must have a 3.0 GPA in non-research courses.

Sample Four Year Plan  

First Year
FallHoursSpringHours
INTDSC 100311MATH 10352
BIOL 18315CHEM 11115
ENGL 11003General Education 6
General Education23 
MATH 10303 
 15 13
Second Year
FallHoursSpringHours
BIOL 20123BIOL 24823
BIOL 20132BIOL 24832
MATH 11003CHEM 22233
CHEM 11215General Education6
General Education3 
 16 14
Third Year
FallHoursSpringHours
BIOL 46144BIOL 36223
CHEM 26123PHYSICS 10124
PHYSICS 10114Biochem/Biotech Elective3
ENGL 31003General Education3
General Education3CHEM 4712 or BIOL 47123
 17 16
Fourth Year
FallHoursSpringHours
CHEM 26223BIOL 46023
CHEM 26332CHEM 33023
CHEM 47223CHEM 47332
CHEM 47971General Education3
Biochem/Biotech Elective3Elective or minor3
Elective or minor3 
 15 14
Total Hours: 120
1

INTDSC 1003 is required only for first-time freshmen and transfer students with less than 24 college credits.

2

The general education courses listed assumes the U.S. History/Government requirement is fulfilled with a Social/Behavioral Science or Humanities general education course.

Please Note: This plan is an example of what a four year plan could look like for a typical student. Placement exam scores in math as well as the completion of coursework may change the plan. It should not be used in the place of regular academic advising appointments. All students are encouraged to meet with their advisor each semester. All requirements are subject to change

Biology Courses

BIOL 1010 Introduction to Student Biological Research: 1-2 semester hours

Prerequisites: Permission of Instructor. An opportunity for high school students to develop individual research projects under faculty mentorship. Includes interdisciplinary lectures, demonstrations, seminars, and project guidance. Evaluation will be based on written and oral presentation of the research project and student portfolio.

BIOL 1012 General Biology: 3 semester hours

Emphasis on fundamental principles of biology. BIOL 1012 can be applied toward fulfillment of the general education requirement in science. BIOL 1012 does not satisfy the prerequisite requirements in other courses in biology at the 2000 level or above. Students who plan to pursue a career in medicine or one of the medical-oriented professions should enroll in BIOL 1831 rather than BIOL 1012.

BIOL 1013 General Biology Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 1012 (may be taken concurrently). Laboratory course to accompany BIOL 1012. BIOL 1013 can be used to fulfill the general education requirements in a laboratory science. BIOL 1013 does not meet the prerequisite requirements for other courses in biology. Three and one-half hours of laboratory per week.

BIOL 1102 Human Biology: 3 semester hours

Lectures and readings concerned with the reproduction, development, genetics, functional anatomy, behavior, ecology, and evolution of the human species. Three hours lecture per week. Fulfills Science/Math requirement.

BIOL 1131 Human Physiology And Anatomy I: 4 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 1012 or its equivalent. The basic aspects of the structure of the healthy human body and how it functions. Special emphasis is on how the human body adapts itself to its environment and how changes affect physiological activities. Three hours lecture and two hours laboratory per week.

BIOL 1141 Human Physiology And Anatomy II: 4 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 1131. A continuation of BIOL 1131. A study of the basic aspects of human physiology and and anatomy. Three hours lecture and two hours laboratory per week.

BIOL 1162 General Microbiology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 1012 or its equivalent. A survey of microbiology structure, genetics, and physiology. Special emphasis will be placed on the transmission and control of such organisms as it relates to the maintenance of human health. Three hours of lecture per week.

BIOL 1202 Environmental Biology: 3 semester hours

An examination of the biological basis of current environmental problems, with emphasis upon resources, energy, pollution and conservation. Three hours lecture per week. Fulfills Science/Math requirement.

BIOL 1821 Introductory Biology: Organisms And The Environment: 5 semester hours

Prerequisites: A minimum of high school chemistry, ENGL 1100 or equivalent (may be taken concurrently), and placement into college algebra or higher. Required for students intending to major in biology or take specified biology courses at the 2000 level or above. This course presents an introduction to some of the principles of biology and scientific methodology applied to the organism and supraorganism levels of biology. Topics to be covered include: ecology, evolution, diversity, and population biology. Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week.

BIOL 1831 Introductory Biology: From Molecules To Organisms: 5 semester hours

Prerequisites: A minimum of high school chemistry and MATH 1030; ENGL 1100 or equivalent (may be taken concurrently).Required for students intending to major in biology or take specified biology courses at the 2000 level or above. This course presents and introduction to some of the principles of biology and scientific methodology applied to the molecular/ cellular through organ system levels of organization. Topics include: cell structure, metabolism, reproduction, heredity and major physiological processes regulated by organ systems. Three hours of lecture, three and one half hours of lab, and one hour of discussion per week.

BIOL 1999 Evolution for Everyone: 3 semester hours

Evolution for Everyone explores the development of our current understanding by examining modern and ancient controversies, and by studying major processes by which change occurs. Lectures will present overviews and many examples on topics in history, mechanisms, and outcome of evolutionary change, and students will participate in classroom and online discussions based on readings, computer exercises, and data collection and analysis. Course may not be applied towards major in Biology. Not eligible for credit with BIOL 3302 (Introduction to Evolution) required for Biology majors.

BIOL 2012 Genetics: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1831 (majors must also take BIOL 1821) MATH 1030, and CHEM 1111 or (CHEM 1081 plus CHEM 1091). Fundamental principles of inheritance, including classical genetic theory as well as recent advances in the molecular basis of heredity. Three hours of lecture per week. Fulfills Science/Math requirement.

BIOL 2013 Genetics Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequsites: Concurrent registration in BIOL 2012, or by permission of instructor. Laboratory to accompany BIOL 2012. Three and one-half hours of organized laboratory time per week. Students may need to return to the laboratory at unscheduled times to complete some exercises.

BIOL 2102 General Ecology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821 and BIOL 1831. An examination of the relationships between living organisms and their environment. Three hours lecture per week. Fulfills Science/Math requirement.

BIOL 2103 General Ecology Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2102 required (may be taken concurrently);a genderal statistics course strongly recommended. An analysis of environmental factors influencing the abundance and distribution of living organisms. Some classes will be held at field sites in and around St. Louis. Three and one-half hours of laboratory or field work per week.

BIOL 2402 Vertebrate Anatomy, Evolution and Ecology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821 and BIOL 1831. Development, structure, function, interrelationships, and zoogeography of vertebrate animals with particular attention to phylogenetic aspects. Three hours of lecture per week. Fulfills Science/Math requirement.

BIOL 2403 Vertebrate Anatomy, Evolution and Ecology Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 2402 (may be taken concurrently). Laboratory to accompany BIOL 2402. Morphological analysis and systematic survey of major vertebrate groups. Overview of the vertebrate life forms and their adaptations to habitats and resources. Three and one-half hours of laboratory per week.

BIOL 2482 Microbiology: 3 semester hours

Prerequsites: BIOL 1831 (majors must also take BIOL 1821), MATH 1030, and CHEM 1111. Study of microorganisms, their metabolism, genetics, and their interaction with other forms of life. Three hours of lecture per week.

BIOL 2483 Microbiology Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 2482 (may be taken concurrently). Experimental studies and procedures of microbiological techniques. Three and one-half hours of organized laboratory time per week. Students will need to return to the laboratory at unscheduled times to complete some exercises.

BIOL 2501 Biology Of Plants: 5 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821 and BIOL 1831. A general discussion of the plant groups from algae through angiosperms. Plant morphology, physiology, reproduction and ecology will be discussed in lecture (three hours per week). The laboratory (three and one half hours per week) involves examination of representatives of the plant kingdom and experimentation in plant physiology and genetics. Fulfills both a lecture and laboratory requirement.

BIOL 3001 Experiential Practicum in Biosciences: 1 semester hour

Prerequisites: Consent of Biology Curriculum Committee. Credit for off-campus bioscience projects providing extraordinary student experience and service to a community in need.

BIOL 3102 Animal Behavior: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821 and BIOL 1831. The study of invertebrate and vertebrate behavior, including neurophysiological, hormonal, developmental, genetic, ecological and evolutionary aspects of behavior; behavior interactions within and between populations. Three hours of lecture per week.

BIOL 3103 Animal Behavior Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 3102 (may be taken concurrently). Observational and experimental studies of animal behavior in the field and laboratory. Three and one-half hours of formal laboratory time per week, but additional time may be required for independent projects. Some activities involve field trips or trips to the St. Louis Zoo.

BIOL 3123 Tropical Resource Ecology Field Studies: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 3122 (may be taken concurrently). The field component to the lecture and seminar course. Examines the patterns of use and exploitation of resources in the topics by humans in the context of the theories of behavioral ecology. Two weeks of intensive field research and lectures in Guyana, South America during the second and third weeks of Summer Session I (trip costs to be borne by the student). Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 3123 and BIOL 5123. Offered in odd numbered years.

BIOL 3202 Conservation Biology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821 and BIOL 1831. Introduction to the principles and theories of conservation biology. Course topics include biodiversity, extinctions, population modeling, habitat fragmentation, conservation area management, restoration ecology, and social science elements of conservation strategies. Class sessions will include lectures, discussions, and simulation exercises. Three hours of lecture per week.

BIOL 3203 Conservation Biology Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 3202 (recommended to be taken concurrently). Laboratory to accompany BIOL 3202. Laboratory will include computer simulations of conservation problems using existing software, 2-3 field trips to local conservation projects, and field interviews with governmental and nongovernmental agencies. Three and one-half hours of laboratory per week.

BIOL 3302 Introduction To Evolution: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821 and BIOL 1831, and MATH 1030; BIOL 2012 strongly recommended. Introduction to the theory, events, and processes of organic evolution.

BIOL 3622 Cell Biology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1831, BIOL 2012, CHEM 2612, and MATH 1030.Examination of the organization and basic processes of cells including tissues, organelles, glycolysis, respiration, photosynthesis, trafficking, cytoskeleton, signal transduction, and cell division.

BIOL 3699 Undergraduate Internship In Biotechnology: 1-4 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821, BIOL 1831, and CHEM 1111 and CHEM 1121 and consent of instructor. Concurrent enrollment in CHEM 2612 or higher is strongly encouraged. A 2.5 GPA and enrollment in the undergraduate Biotechnology Certificate Program is required. Internship will consist of a period of observation, experimentation and on-the-job training in a biotechnology laboratory. The laboratory may be industrial or academic. Credit will be determined by the number of hours a student works each week and in consultation between the intern's supervisor and instructor. Internship assignments will be commensurate with the education and experience of the student. Two credits may be used to fulfill the lab requirement.

BIOL 3802 Vertebrate Physiology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821 and BIOL 1831 and CHEM 1111 or CHEM 1081 plus CHEM 1091). Basic functional aspects of organ systems in relation to the physiochemical properties of protoplasm. Three hours lecture per week. Fulfills Science/Math requirement.

BIOL 3803 Vertebrate Physiology Lab: 2 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 3802 (may be taken concurrently). Instrumental and experimental studies in physiology. Three and one-half hours laboratory per week.

BIOL 4102 Behavioral Ecology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 3102 (BIOL 2102 recommended). Topics in animal behavior with an emphasis on ecological and evolutionary aspects of behavior. Topics will include the role of behavior in population regulation, habitat selection and spacing, feeding and predator-prey interactions, sexual selection, evolution of mating systems, and new approaches to animal communication. Three hours of lecture per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4102 and BIOL 6102.

BIOL 4112 Evolution Of Animal Sociality: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 3102, BIOL 2102, or BIOL 4182 recommended, or consent of instructor. The evolution of sociality, including a critical examination of sociobiological theories and alternative approaches to social evolution. Survey of social organization and behavior in anthropods, with an emphasis on social insects, & vertebrates Two hours of lecture, one hour of discussion per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4112 and BIOL 6112.

BIOL 4122 Biometry: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: MATH 1030 and a minimum of 15 hours in biology. Reviews descriptive, analytical, and experimental methods useful for the statistical study of biological phenomena. Students will develop the skills needed to better appreciate and evaluate the published literature, as well as the ability to design their own research programs. Topics include: the collection and summarization of biological observations; development, design, and testing of hypothesis; analysis and presentation of data. Three hours of lecture per week. Fulfills the statistics requirement for the B.A. or B.S. degree in biology.

BIOL 4182 Population Biology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 2102 and BIOL 2012 (BIOL 3302 recommended) Introduces concepts and mathematical models of population ecology and population genetics. By integrating the ecology and genetics of populations, the course goal is to understand the processes that contribute to microevolution of populations. Topics include: demography, metapopulation biology, natural selection, migration, gene flow, and genetic drift. Three hours of lecture per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4182 and BIOL 6182.

BIOL 4192 Applications of Geographic Information Systems: 5 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2102, BIOL 4122 or equivalent, and consent of instructor.Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are sophisticated computer-based systems for analysis, capture, presentation, and maintenance of geographically referenced data. This course provides a foundation in using GIS for spatial analysis. Although biological examples are primarily used, examples from a range of disciplines are employed to emphasize the use of GIS as a tool to support analysis and decision-making. Students will have hands-on use of GIS software during each session. An independent research project applying the spatial analysis tools learned in GIS to biological research will be required. Five hours of combined lecture and computer operations, plus 2-3 hours of open lab per week. Fulfills both a lecture and a laboratory requirement. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4192 and BIOL 6192.

BIOL 4222 Tropical Ecology And Conservation: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 2102, BIOL 4182, BIOL 5192, or equivalent. This Course Will Cover Research Areas In Tropical Population, Community And Ecosystem Ecology, With Emphais On Inter-Species And Environment-Organism Interactions, Population Control Factors, And Genetic Structure Of Populations. Topics Include The Current Status And Causes Of Tropical Habitat Destruction, Ongoing Attempts To Manage Those Habitats, And Development Of Strategies Leading To Sustained Use Of Non-Renewable Resources. Three Hours Of Lecture Per Week. Students May Not Receive Credit For Both BIOL 4222 And BIOL 6222.

BIOL 4245 Field Biology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: Three biology courses and consent of instructor. Intensive study of the flora and fauna of selected natural areas of North America, including an extended field trip. Details of the field trip and course schedule will be posted in the Biology department preceding registration for the term in which the course will be offered. Students will be required to pay costs of travel and of the field trip. This is a laboratory course appropriate for advanced undergraduates and non-thesis Master of Science students. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4245 and BIOL 6245.

BIOL 4270 Global Climate Change: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 3302 or consent of instructor. Topics included are fundamental physical, meteorological, and biological circumstances of global climate change, as well as predictions of its future effects on biological diversity, including humans, and how those estimates are made. In addition, basic environmental economics and politics of climate change at local and global levels will be included. The course will be taught as a series of lectures and discussions led by guest experts in each of the subdisciplines covered. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4270 and BIOL 6270.

BIOL 4299 Practicum In Conservation: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: Consent of instructor and BIOL 3643, Conservation Biology. This course is generally restricted to students officially enrolled in the Certificate Program in Conservation Biology. The course provides practical experience with conservation or environmental agencies. Specific placement will be selected according to student's interests and career goals as well as availability of agency openings. Course requirements include practical experience and final report on practicum experience.

BIOL 4308 Transmission Electron Microscopy Hours: 3 semester hours

Same as PHYSICS 4308 Course introduces students to transmission electron microscopy techniques and their applications to solving challenging materials and biological problems. Course includes fundamental principles (electron optics), electron-specimen interactions, diffraction of electrons, image formation and interpretation, image processing and analysis, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and sample preparation of both biological and non-biological systems. Laboratory experiments will provide students "hands-on" experience with TEM operations and problem solving skills. Successful completion of the course enables students to independently operate transmission electron microscopes to perform basic research experiments. This course is ideal for students interested in ultrastructural or nanocharacterization of biological or materials systems. Two classroom hours and two hours of laboratory per week.

BIOL 4402 Ornithology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2102 and junior standing. Introduction to avian biology and ecology. Material to be covered will include basic adaptations of anatomy, physiology, and behavior of birds. There will be a strong emphasis on avian ecology and conservation. Specific topics will include flight, reproductive behavior, migration, foraging behavior, community structure, and current conservation concerns. The diversity of birds will be emphasized through comparisons between temperate and tropical regions. Three hours of lecture per week.

BIOL 4403 Ornithology Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 4402 (may be taken concurrently), or consent of instructor. This course will introduce students to methods of identifying and studying birds. Labs will almost enirely be comprised of field trips to local areas and will emphasize diversity of birds, adaptions shown by different groups, and means of identification, particularly of birds found in Missouri. Field projects will focus on techniques for censusing birds, sampling foraging behavior, and studying habitat selection. Indoor periods will cover internal and external anatomy of birds. Slides and field trips to the St Louis Zoo will be used to survey the diversity of birds worldwide. Three and one-half hours of laboratory per week. Longer (e.g., Saturday) field trips will be made when appropriate.

BIOL 4422 Entomology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821 and BIOL 1831. 9 additional hours of biology and upper-division standing. Development, structure, function, behavior and ecology of insects, including a systematic survey of the orders of Insecta. Three hours of lecture per week.

BIOL 4423 Entomology Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 4442 (may be taken concurrently). Laboratory to accompany BIOL 4422. Studies of the morphology, physiology, and behavior of insects to give a sampling of biological studies of the class Insecta. Formation of a collection of insects, comprising a systematic survey of orders and principal families, will be an intregal part of the course and will require additional time beyond the official lab hours. Three and one-half hours of lab per week.

BIOL 4442 Developmental Biology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012 and BIOL 3622. A study of the basic principles that shape the embryonic and post-embryonic development of animals with an emphasis on the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms. Specific topics include fertilization, determination of cell fate and differentiation, cell migration, establishment of the body plan, formation of selected organs and organ systems, stem cells, and limb regeneration. Environmental influences on development and the impact of developmental biology on modern medicine are also discussed. Three hours of lecture/discussion per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4442 and BIOL 6442.

BIOL 4501 Flowering Plant Families: Phylogeny And Diversification: 5 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821, BIOL 1831 and junior standing or consent of instructor. Focusing on the flowering plant families of North America, the aim of the course is to give an understanding of their phylogeny and diversification. Student will also gain an understanding of plant morphology and anatomy, a basis for further developing their knowledge of plants. Three hours of lecture and three to four hours of laboratory per week. Students may need to return to the laboratory at unscheduled times.

BIOL 4502 Evolution of Cognition: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 3102 or Consent of Instructor; BIOL 3302 and PSYCH 2211 are strongly recommended. The evolutionary ecology of animal cognitive abilities. Topics include learning, memory, perception, navigation, and communication from an evolutionary perspective. The focus is on cognitive abilities as adaptations, which have evolved to solve specific environmental problems. Topics include empirical methods for assessing cognitive ability, experimental design, theoretical approaches for generating predictions, and the parsimonious interpretation of data. Two hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week.

BIOL 4550 Bacterial Pathogenesis: 3 semester hours

Prerequistes: BIOL 2012 and BIOL 2482 Examination of the strategies bacterial pathogens use to infect animals. Topics include host immune responses to infection, bacterial virulence factors, regulation of bacterial virulence, and the cellular and molecular approaches used to study hostparasite interactions. Three hours of lecture per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4550 and BIOL 6550.

BIOL 4602 Molecular Biology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012 and CHEM 2612. A study of the principles of molecular biology, with emphasis on understanding the genetic regulation of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis and function in eukaryotic cells. Three hours of lecture per week. Students may not receive credit for BIOL 4602 and either BIOL 6602, or any course previously called Gene Expression in Eukaryotes or Advanced Gene Expression in Eukaryotes.

BIOL 4612 Molecular Genetics Of Bacteria: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012 and BIOL 2482. A study of the molecular biology of gene replication, transfer, and expression in bacterial cells. Topics include DNA replication, transcription and translation, mutagenesis, DNA repair and recombination, gene transfer, and the regulation of genes and global expression systems. Three hours of lecture per week. Student may not receive credit for BIOL 4612 and either BIOL 6612 or any course previously called Gene Expression in Prokaryotes or Advanced Gene Expression in Prokaryotes.

BIOL 4614 Biotechnology Laboratory I: 4 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012 or consent of instructor. An introduction to the fundamental concepts that underlie the field of biotechnology. Both the basic principles of molecular biology and hand-on experience with the techniques of the field will be addressed through lectures, discussions, and a series of laboratory exercises. Two hours of lecture and four hours of laboratory per week. Fulfills a laboratory requirement only; may not be used to fulfill the higher level (4000-5000) lecture course requirement for the B.A. or B.S. degree in biology. Students may not receive credit for BIOL 4614 and a comparable biotechnology course from another institution.

BIOL 4615 Biotechnology Laboratory II: 4 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 4614 and either BIOL 4602 or BIOL 4612, or consent of instructor. An in-depth look at theory and practice of biotechnology. Lectures and discussion will examine the underlying principles, and laboratory exercises will present hands-on experience with current techniques. One hour of lecture and six hours of laboratory per week. Fulfills a laboratory requirement only; may not be used to fulfill the higher level (4000-5000) lecture course requirement for the B.A. or B.S. degree in biology. Students may not receive credit for BIOL 4615 and BIOL 6615.

BIOL 4622 Cellular Basis of Disease: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 3622. A study of the structural organization and processes of eukaryotic cells, focusing on how defects in cellular function lead to genetic diseases and cancer. Topics of discussion may include membrane dynamics, intracellular trafficking, signal transduction, and the cell cycle. Three hours of lecture per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4622 and BIOL 6622.

BIOL 4632 Nucleic Acid Structure And Function: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012 and BIOL 4712 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. A comprehensive view of the structural properties of DNA and RNA that promote molecular interactions and biological function. Topics will include the physical properties of nucleic acids, the formation and biological importance of higher order structures, RNA enzymatic activities, nucleic acid-protein interactions, and RNA metobolism. Three hours of lecture per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4632 and BIOL 6632.

BIOL 4642 Plant Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 4602 or BIOL 4612. Topics may include molecular and cellular aspects of plant growth, development, and responses to environmental stress and pathogen attack, using the experimental approaches of genetics, molecular biology, and biochemistry. Plant growth manipulation and genetic engineering, including techniques required for DNA transfer and plant regeneration, as well as current and potential future applications, such as engineered resistance to stress, developmental engineering, and metabolic engineering, also will be covered. Three hours of lecture per week. Student may not receive credit for both BIOL 4642 and BIOL 6642.

BIOL 4652 Virology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 2012 and BIOL 3622. This first half of the course entails a comparative study of the structure, replication, and molecular biology of viruses. The second half of the course focuses on the pathogenesis, control, and evolution of animal viruses. Three hours of lecture per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4652 and BIOL 6652.

BIOL 4662 Human Pathology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 3622 or consent of the instructor. A study of disease processes as they affect the human body. The course will examine both the proximate causes and underlying mechanisms of disease. Specific conditions will be used to illustrate application of clinical approaches in determining the origin, development, and effects of a disease.

BIOL 4712 Biochemistry: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 2612 and either BIOL 1831 or CHEM 2622. (Same as CHEM 4712) Examines the chemistry and function of cell constituents, and the interaction and conversions of intracellular substances. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4712 and CHEM 4712.

BIOL 4713 Techniques In Biochemistry: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 4712 or CHEM 4712 (may be taken concurrently). Laboratory activities introducing fundamental qualitative and quantitative biochemical techniques. Student evaluation will be based on laboratory participation, student laboratory reports, and written examinations. Three and one-half hours of organized laboratory time per week. Students may need to return to the laboratory at unscheduled times to complete some experiments.

BIOL 4797 Biochemistry and Biotechnology Seminar: 1 semester hour

Prerequisites: Same as CHEM 4797. Senior standing in the Biochemistry and Biotechnology program. This course will focus on selected publications related to biochemistry and biotechnology from both refereed journals and news sources. Students are expected to participate in discussions and to prepare oral and written presentations. Completion of the Major Field Achievement Test in Biochemistry & Biotechnology is a course requirement. May not be taken for graduate credit.

BIOL 4822 Introduction To Neuroscience: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 3802 or consent of instructor. The study of nervous systems, featuring the cellular bases of initiation and conduction fo the impulse, synaptic transmission, and the network integrative function of invertebrate and vertebrate nervous systems. This course emphasizes the multidisciplinary nature of the neurosciences, including anatomical, physiological and molecular approaches to understanding neural function. Three hours of lecture per week.

BIOL 4842 Immunobiology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 3622 and CHEM 2612. The fundamental principles and concepts of immunology and immunochemistry. Emphasis on the relation of immunological phenomena to biological phenomena and biological problems. Three hours lecture per week.

BIOL 4889 Senior Seminar: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821, BIOL 1831, BIOL 2012, and BIOL 3302, with a total of at least 30 credits in Biology. Oral and written presentation by students of selected scientific papers or articles. Students are expected to participate in discussions of oral presentations by other students. May not be taken for graduate credit.

BIOL 4905 Research: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisites: Consent of faculty research advisor. Research in an area selected by the student in consultation with and under the direct supervision of an UMSL biology faculty research adviser. Research opportunities are subject to availability and must be approved in advance of beginning research. The project may include the reading of pertinent literature, laboratory or field experience, including keeping of a logbook, and a summary paper and a presentation, all based on an average 8 hours per week per credit during a 15 week semester at the discretion of the instructor. Credit arranged. Course may be repeated for a total of up to 5 credit hours. A maximum of one lab requirement may be satisfied using any two BIOL 4905 credits. Additional credits may be applied toward the total biology hours required for the biology BA or BS. May not be taken for graduate credit.

BIOL 4915 Biology Internship: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisites: Consent of faculty research advisor; generally restricted to junior and senior standing. Research in an area selected by the student to be conducted off-campus in a lab of a professional researcher or faculty person (the internship mentor) other than those in UMSL Biology. Research opportunities are subject to availability and must be approved in advance of beginning research by an UMSL biology faculty liaison and the internship mentor. The project normally includes the reading of pertinent literature, laboratory or field experience, including keeping of a logbook, and a summary paper and a presentation, all based on an average 8 hours per week per credit during a 15 week semester. Credit arranged. This course and Biol 4905 may be repeated fin any combination for a total of up to 5 credit hours. A maximum of one lab requirement may be satisfied using any two BIOL 4905 and/or BIOL 4915 credits. Additional credits may be applied toward the total biology hours required for the biology BA or BS.

BIOL 4920 Selected Topics: 1-10 semester hours

Prerequisite: Junior standing and consent of instructor. Selected topics in biology. The topics will vary each semester. Topics offered for the following semester will be available in the departmental office. Credit arranged. May be taken more than once for credit.

BIOL 4986 Laboratory In Teaching Life Sciences: 2 semester hours

Same as SEC ED 4986. Prerequisite: TCH ED 3310. Discussion, development, utilization, and evaluation of equipment, materials, and techniques applicable to instruction in the life sciences. Must be taken concurrently with BIOL 4985/ SEC ED 4985.

BIOL 5059 Topics In Ecology, Evolution, And Systematics: 1 semester hour

Prerequisites: Graduate Standing. Presentation and discussion of faculty and student current research projects in behavior, ecology, evolution, and systematics. May be repeated.

BIOL 5069 Topics In Cellular And Molecular Biology: 1 semester hour

Presentation and discussion of student and faculty research projects and/or current research articles in molecular, cellular and developmental biology. May be repeated.

BIOL 5079 Topics In Floristic Taxonomy: 1 semester hour

Prerequisite: BIOL 2501 or equivalent, and graduate standing. Seminar course In systematics of higher plants, arranged In the Cronquist sequence of families, covering morphology, anatomy, palynology, biogeography, chemosystematics, cytology, and other aspects of plant classification and phylogenetics. Given at the Missouri Botanical Garden. One hour per week.

BIOL 5089 Topics In Animal Behavior: 1 semester hour

Prerequisites: Graduate standing. Presentation and discussion of current research articles and/or student and faculty research projects in animal behavior, including ecology, evolution, genetics, and mechanisms of behavior. May be repeated.

BIOL 5123 Advanced Tropical Resource Ecology Field Studies: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 5122 (may be taken concurrently). The field component to the lecture and seminar course. Examines the patters of use and exploitation of resources in the topics by humans in the context of the theories of behavioral ecology. Two weeks of intensive field research and lectures in Guyana, South America during the second and third weeks of Summer Session I (trip costs to be borne by the student). Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 3123 and BIOL 5123. Offered in odd numbered years.

BIOL 5179 Ethical Issues in Biology: 1 semester hour

Prerequisites: Graduate Standing. Using readings and discussions, students will explore ethical issues in Biology in both professional and social realms. Professional topics include authorship, grants accounting, and academic misconduct; social topics include ethical foundations of basic and applied science, government regulation of science, environmental and individual protection, and current issues.

BIOL 5192 Community Ecology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: Graduate standing and either BIOL 2102 and BIOL 4182 or an equivalent course. Studies of structure and organization of natural communities stressing the abundance and distribution of species, the regulation of species diversity, and the evolution of demographic parameters in populations.

BIOL 5312 Theory Of Systematics: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 1821, BIOL 1831 and at least one course beyond the introductory level dealing with animal, plant, or microbial diversity (such as BIOL 2482, BIOL 2501, BIOL 2402, BIOL 4482, BIOL 4501, BIOL 4402, BIOL 4422) or consent of instructor. Course investigates the theory of classification, phylogenetic analysis, systematic biology, and their relation to systematic practice. Will cover goals and schools of systematics, characters and homology, analysis of molecular and morphological data and underlying assumptions, species concepts, classification, naming, and the connections between evolutionary biology and systematics. The course is appropriate for upper level undergraduates & graduate students in all disciplines, animal, plant, and microbial, as an introduction to systematic methods. Three hours of lecture per week.

BIOL 5314 Herbarium Taxonomy: 2 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 5312. An introduction to the principles and practice of herbarium taxonomy, emphasizing species description, identification, how to access and use the taxonomic literature, data basing, nomenclature, curation, and collecting and the national and international regulations governing it. Two hours of lectures per week, projects including specimen curation, writing species description, etc., to be arranged. Offered every even year.

BIOL 5436 Applied Bioinformatics: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 4712 or BIOL 4602 or consent of instructor. This course provides a survey of the various computational approaches that can be used to solve biological problems. Specific attention will be focused on biological databases and methods for using and interpreting database information, sequence alignments, functional genomics, structure prediction, high-throughput analyses, and proteomics. Three hours of lecture per week.

BIOL 5798 Practicum in Science in Business: 1-2 semester hours

Same As CHEM 5798. Prerequisites: Graduate standing and enrollment in a Professional Science emphasis in Chemistry, Biochemistry & Biotechnology, or Biology. Students will integrate and apply their scientific expertise to a practical, business-related problem. The course will emphasize interdisciplinary team-work as well as both written and oral communication skills.

BIOL 5799 Internship in Science in Business: 1-2 semester hours

Same As CHEM 5799. Prerequisites: Graduate standing and enrollment in a Professional Science emphasis area in Chemistry, Biochemistry & Biotechnology, or Biology. The internship will consist of period of on-the-job training at a local company. Credit hours will be determined by the number of hours the student works each week and in consultation between the intern's supervisor and the course instructor. Internship assignments will be commensurate with the education and experience of the student, with an emphasis on work at the interface between the scientific and business components of the company. A written report describing the internship project is required.

BIOL 6102 Advanced Topics In Behavioral Ecology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 3102 (BIOL 2102 is recommended). Topics in animal behavior with an emphasis on ecological and evolutionary aspects of behavior. Topics may include the role of behavior in population regulation, habitat selection and spacing, feeding and predator-prey interactions, sexual selection, evolution of mating systems, and new approaches to animal communication. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion or seminar per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4102 and BIOL 6102.

BIOL 6112 Advanced Evolution Of Animal Sociality: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2102 or BIOL 4182 recommended or consent of instructor. The evolution of sociality, including a critical examination of sociobiological theories and alternative approaches of social evolution. Survey of social organization and behavior in anthropods, with an emphasis on social insects, & vertebrates. Two hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4112 and BIOL 6112.

BIOL 6182 Advanced Population Biology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012 (BIOL 3302 recommended). Introduces concepts and mathematical models of population ecology and population genetics. By integrating the ecology and genetics of population, the course goal is to understand the processes that contribute to microevolution of populations. Topics include: demography, metapopulation biology, natural selection, migration, gene flow, and genetic drift. A discussion section will focus on mathematical elements of population biology models. Three hours of discussion per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4182 and BIOL 6182.

BIOL 6192 Applications Of Geographic Information Systems: 5 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2102, BIOL 4122 or equivalent, and consent of instructor. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are sophisticated computer-based systems for analysis, capture, presentation, and maintenance of geographically referenced data. This course provides a foundation in using GIS for spatial analysis. Although biological examples are primarily used, examples from a range of disciplines are employed to emphasize the use of GIS as a tool to support analysis and decision-making. Students will have hands-on use of GIS software using Windows 2000/NT based workstations during each session. An independent research project applying the spatial analysis tools learned in GIS to biological research will be required. Five hours of combined lecture and computer operations, plus 2-3 hours of open lab per week.

BIOL 6212 Theory And Application Of Conservation Biology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 4182 or BIOL 5162 or equivalent or consent of instructor. Prerequisites may be taken concurrently. Advanced analysis of conservation theory with emphasis on conservation of populations, their genetic diversity, and the biodiversity of habitats. Applied aspects of conservation and sustainable development will be illustrated through case studies presented by conservation professionals.

BIOL 6222 Advanced Tropical Ecology And Conservation: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 2102, BIOL 4182, or BIOL 5192, or their equivalent. This course will cover research areas in tropical population, community and ecosystem ecology, with emphasis on inter-species and environment-organism interactions, population control factors, and genetic structure of populations. Topics include the current status and causes of tropical habitat destruction, ongoing attempts to manage those habitats, and development of strategies leading to sustained use of non-renewable resources. A research proposal designed to investigate a current topic in tropical ecology will be required. Students may nor receive credit for BIOL 4222 and BIOL 6222. Three hours of lecture per week.

BIOL 6250 Public Policy Of Conservation And Sustainable Development: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: Same as POL SCI 6452. Graduate standing in Biology or Political Science and consent of instructor. Prior course in ecology recommended. This course will introduce the student to concepts and techniques for formulating. implementing, and analyzing public policy with an emphasis on environmental concerns, conservation, and sustainable development. The course will be team taught by a political scientist and a biologist. Course materials will include case studies that demonstrate the special problems of environmental policymaking in developing and developed economies.

BIOL 6270 Advanced Global Climate Change: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: Graduate Standing or permission of the instructor. We will cover the fundamental physical, meteorological, and biological circumstances of global climate change, as well as predictions of its future effects on biological diversity, including humans, and how those estimates are made. We will also cover basic environmental economics and politics of climate change at local and global levels. The course will be taught as a series of lectures and discussions led by guest experts in each of the subdisciplines covered. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4270 and BIOL 6270.

BIOL 6299 Internship In Conservation Biology: 1-4 semester hours

Prerequisite: BIOL 6250 or BIOL 6212 and consent of the director of graduate studies in biology. Internships will consist of a period of study, observation and on-the-job training at a conservation or environmental agency. Specific placements will be selected according to student's interests and career goals. Internships may vary from 2 weeks to 4 months in duration.

BIOL 6442 Advanced Developmental Biology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012 and BIOL 3622. A study of the basic principles that shape the embryonic and post-embryonic development of animals with an emphasis on the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms. Specific topics include fertilization, determination of cell fate and differentiation, cell migration, establishment of the body plan, formation of selected organs and organ systems, stem cells, and limb regeneration. Environmental influences on development and the impact of developmental biology on modern medicine are also discussed. Three hours of lecture/discussion per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4442 and BIOL 6442.

BIOL 6502 Advanced Evolution of Cognition: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 3102 and BIOL 3302, or consent of instructor. PSYCH 2211 strongly recommended. The evolutionary ecology of animal cognitive abilities. Topics include learning, memory, perception, navigation, and communication from an evolutionary perspective. The focus is on cognitive abilities as adaptations, which have evolved to solve specific environmental problems. Topics include empirical methods for assessing cognitive ability, experimental design, theoretical approaches for generating predictions, and the parsimonious interpretation of data. Two hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4502 and BIOL 6502.

BIOL 6550 Advanced Bacterial Pathogenesis: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012 and BIOL 2482. Examination of the strategies bacterial pathogens use to infect animals. Topics include host immune responses to infection, bacterial virulence factors, regulation of bacterial virulence, and the cellular and molecular approaches used to study hostparasite interactions. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 6550 and BIOL 4550. Students will be required to give an oral presentation and/or write an extra paper on a topic relevant to the course. Three hours of lecture per week.

BIOL 6552 Advanced Evolution And Phylogeny Of Seed Plants: 5 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 3302 or BIOL 2501, or equivalent. Advanced approaches in examination of the evolution of, and relationships among, major lines of seed-bearing plants, both extinct (Bennettitales, cordaites, etc.) and extant (conifers, cycades, ginkgo, Gnetales, and flowering plants). Criteria for the assessment of morphological homology are examined, and wherever possible the evolution of morphological structures is related to their function. Includes use of cladistic methods and practical exercises in the analysis of large morphological data matrices using PAUP and MacClade. Two hours of lecture per week and one hour of laboratory per week to be arranged. Does not fulfill a laboratory requirement for biology majors. students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4552 and BIOL 6552.

BIOL 6602 Advanced Molecular Biology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012 and CHEM 2612, or consent of instructor. A study of the principles of molecular biology, with emphasis on understanding the genetic regulation of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis and function in eukaryotic cells. Three hours of lecture per week. Students will be required to give an oral presentation and/or write an extra paper on a topic relevant to the course. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 6602 and BIOL 4602, or any course previously called Gene Expression in Eukaryotes or Advanced Gene Expression in Eukaryotes.

BIOL 6612 Advanced Molecular Genetics Of Bacteria: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012 and BIOL 2482. A study of the molecular biology of gene replication, transfer, and expression in bacterial cells. Topics include DNA replication, transcription and translation, mutagenesis, DNA repair and recombination, gene transfer, and the regulation of genes and global expression systems. Three hours of lecture per week. Students will be required to give an oral presentation and/or write an extra paper on a topic relevant to the course. Student may not receive credit for both BIOL 6612 and BIOL 4612 or any course previously called Gene Expression in Prokaryotes or Advanced Gene Expression in Prokaryotes.

BIOL 6615 Advanced Biotechnology Laboratory II: 4 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 4614 and either BIOL 4602 or BIOL 4612, or consent of instructor. An in-depth look at the theory and practice of biotechnology. Lectures and discussion will examine the underlying principles, and laboratory exercises will present hands-on experience with current techniques. One hour of lecture and six hours of laboratory per week. Students will be required to give an oral presentation and/or write an extra paper on a topic relevant to the course. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 6615 and BIOL 4615 or any course previously called Techniques in Molecular Biology or Advanced Techniques in Molecular Biology.

BIOL 6622 Advanced Cellular Basis of Disease: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 3622, or consent of instructor. A study of the structural organization and processes of eukaryotic cells, focusing on how defects in cellular function lead to genetic diseases and cancer. Topics of discussion may include membrane dynamics, intracellular trafficking, signal transduction, and the cell cycle. Three hours of lecture per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 6622 and BIOL 4622.

BIOL 6632 Advanced Nucleic Acid Structure And Function: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012 and BIOL 4712 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. A comprehensive view of the structural properties of DNA and RNA tha tpromote molecular interactions & biological function. Topics will include the physical properties of nucleic acids, the formation and biological importance of higher order structures, RNA enzymatic activities, nucleic acid-protein interactions, and RNA metobolism. Three hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4632 and BIOL 6632.

BIOL 6642 Advanced Plant Biology And Biotechnology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 4602 or BIOL 4612. Topics may include molecular and cellular aspects of plant growth, development, and responses to environmental stress and pathogen attack, using the experimental approaches of genetics, molecular biology, and biochemistry. Plant growth manipulation and genetic engineering, including the techniques required for DNA transfer and plant regeneration, as well as current and potential future applications, such as engineered resistance to stress, developmental engineering, and metabolic engineering, also will be covered. Student may not receive credit for both BIOL 4642 and BIOL 6642.

BIOL 6652 Advanced Virology: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: BIOL 2012, BIOL 3622, and graduate standing. This first half of the course entails a comparative study of the structure, replication, and molecular biology of viruses. The second half of the course focuses on the pathogenesis, control, and evolution of animal viruses. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion or seminar per week. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4652 and BIOL 6652.

BIOL 6699 Graduate Internship In Biotechnology: 1-4 semester hours

Prerequisites: Graduate standing and enrollment in graduate Biotechnology Certificate Program. 6 credit hours maximum (maximum of 8 combined credit hours of BIOL 6905 and internship) Internship will consist of period of observation, experimentation and on-the-job training in biotechnology laboratory. The laboratory may be industrial of academic. Credit will be determined by the number of hours the student works each week and in consultation between the intern's supervisor and the instructor. Internship assignments will be commensurate with the education and experience of the student.

BIOL 6889 Graduate Seminar: 2 semester hours

Presentation and discussion of various research problems in biology. Graduate student exposure to the seminar process.

BIOL 6905 Graduate Research In Biology: 1-10 semester hours

Research in area selected by student in consultation with faculty members.

BIOL 6915 Graduate Research Practicum: 1-2 semester hours

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. This course is designed for graduate students wishing to pursue research experience in an area outside their dissertation topic. The project can be techniques-oriented or focused on a specific research question. The credit hours will depend on the time commitment to the project as decided by the supervisory faculty member.

Chemistry Courses

CHEM 1011 Chemistry In The Environment And Every Day Living: 3 semester hours

This course examines the role of chemistry in everyday life and in the environment, and is intended for students not pursuing scientific or engineering majors. Chemical principles are introduced to the extent necessary for understanding of issues, but this course does not provide the basis for further technical courses. Two hours of lecture per week; on alternate weeks, one hour of discussion or two hours of laboratory.

CHEM 1052 Chemistry For The Health Professions: 4 semester hours

An introduction to general, nuclear, structural organic, organic reactions and biochemistry. This course is designed primarily for students in nursing and related health professions, and should not be taken by students majoring in the physical or biological sciences. Chemistry majors may include neither CHEM 1052 or CHEM 1062 in the 120 hours required for graduation. Four hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 1062 Organic & Biochem For The Health Professions: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: Any college Chemistry course An introduction to organic reactions and biochemistry. CHEM 1062 is offered during the second half of the semester. Four hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 1081 Introductory Chemistry I-A: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: MATH 1030 (or a score of 26 or higher on either the Math ACT or the Math Placement Test). This course is designed for students who want to have an in depth understanding of introductory concepts in Chemistry. CHEM 1081 covers the topics taught in the first half of CHEM 1111 but at a slower pace, thus allowing students time to fully integrate the concepts and thereby build a stronger foundation for their subsequent Chemistry courses. CHEM 1081 consists of the first half of CHEM 1111 (excluding laboratory experiments), whereas CHEM 1091 covers all the laboratory experiments and second half of lecture part of CHEM 1111. Three hours of lecture or workshop per week.

CHEM 1091 Introductory Chemistry IB: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 1081 and MATH 1035 (MATH 1035 may be taken concurrently). CHEM 1091 is the completion of CHEM 1111 for students who have completed CHEM 1081. The laboratory portion of this course will start at the beginning of the semester. The lecture part of the course starts in mid-semester and students join an ongoing CHEM 1111 class. Students who completed CHEM 1081 must complete CHEM 1091 to be considered as having completed the equivalent of CHEM 1111. Three hours of lecture and one and one half hours of workshop during the second half of the semester, and three hours of laboratory per week during the entire semester.

CHEM 1111 Introductory Chemistry I: 5 semester hours

Prerequisite: MATH 1030 (or a score of 26 or higher on either the Math ACT or the Missouri Math Placement Test) and MATH 1035 (MATH 1035 may be taken concurrently). Presents an introduction to the fundamental laws and theories of chemistry. Laboratory experiments are designed to demonstrate some aspects of qualitative and quantitative analysis and to develop skills in laboratory procedures. Chemistry majors may not include both CHEM 1011 and CHEM 1111 in the 120 hours required for graduation. Three hours of lecture, one and one-half hours of workshop, and three hours of laboratory per week.

CHEM 1121 Introductory Chemistry II: 5 semester hours

Prerequisite: CHEM 1111 or advanced placement. Lecture and laboratory are a continuation of CHEM 1111. Three hours of lecture, one and one-half hours of workshop and three hours laboratory per week.

CHEM 1134 Special Topics In Introductory Chemistry: 1-5 semester hours

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. A lecture and/or laboratory course to assist transfer students to complete the equivalent of CHEM 1111 and CHEM 1121. Students enrolling in this course should contact the instructor prior to the first day of class for guidelines on course requirements, to choose a lab or workshop section, and to request enrollment in the course website.

CHEM 2223 Quantitative Analysis: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 1121 Principles and practice of elementary quantitative chemistry. The lecture treats descriptive statistics with emphasis on small samples; various types of competing equilibria pertaining to acid-base, complexometric, and potentiometric titrations; and an introduction to spectrophotometric processes. The laboratory provides exercises in titrimetric gravimetric, and spectrophotometric techniques. Both portions of the course deal with the analytical chemistry of environmentally-significant problems. Two hours of lecture and four and one-half hours of laboratory weekly.

CHEM 2612 Organic Chemistry I: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: CHEM 1121 (may be taken concurrently). An introduction to the structure, properties, synthesis, and reactions of aliphatic and aromatic carbon compounds. Three hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 2622 Organic Chemistry II: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: CHEM 2612. A systematic study of organic reactions and their mechanisms; organic synthetic methods. Three hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 2633 Organic Chemistry Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisite: CHEM 2612 An introduction to laboratory techniques and procedures of synthetic organic chemistry including analysis of organic compounds. One hour of lecture and four and one-half hours of laboratory per week.

CHEM 3022 Introduction To Chemical Literature: 1 semester hour

Prerequisites: CHEM 2622 (2622 may be taken concurrently) and CHEM 3412. This course will familiarize the student with the literature of chemistry and its use. One hour of lecture per week.

CHEM 3302 Physical Chemistry For The Life Sciences: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 2612 and MATH 1800 or MATH 1100, and PHYSICS 1012 Principles and applications of physical chemistry appropriate to students pursuing degree programs in the life sciences. Topics will include thermodynamics, equilibria, kinetics, and spectroscopy. This course is intended for undergraduates seeking the B.S. degree in Biochemistry and Biotechnology and does not fulfill the physical chemistry required for other Chemistry B.A. and B.S. degree programs.

CHEM 3312 Physical Chemistry I: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 1121 and MATH 2000 ( MATH 2000 may be taken concurrently), and PHYSICS 2111. Principles of physical chemistry, including thermodynamics, theory of gases, phase equilibria, kinetics, crystal structure, spectroscopy, and quantum mechanics. Three hours per week.

CHEM 3322 Physical Chemistry II: 3 semester hours

Prerquisite: CHEM 3312 and MATH 2000.Continuation of CHEM 3312. Three hours lecture per week.

CHEM 3333 Physical Chemistry Laboratory I: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 2223 and CHEM 3312 Experiments designed to illustrate principles introduced in CHEM 3312. One hour of lecture and four and one-half hours of laboratory per week.

CHEM 3412 Basic Inorganic Chemistry: 2 semester hours

Prerequisite: CHEM 1121. This course reviews the principles of atomic structure and studies covalent and ionic bonding. Topics include properties of the elements and synthesis, reactions and bonding aspects of important main group and transition metal compounds. Two hours lecture per week.

CHEM 3643 Advanced Organic Chemistry Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 3022 Identification of organic compounds by classical and spectroscopic methods; advanced techniques in synthesis and seperation of organic compounds. One hour of lecture and four and one-half hours of laboratory per week. Not for graduate credit.

CHEM 3905 Chemical Research: 1-10 semester hours

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Independent laboratory and library study, in conjunction with faculty member, of fundamental problems in chemistry. A written report describing the research is required.

CHEM 4212 Instrumental Analysis: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 3322 Principles and applications of modern methods of instrumental analysis for analytical chemistry measurements. Topics will be selected from the areas of electrochemistry, absorption and emission spectroscopy, chromatography, mass spectometry, surface analysis, and nuclear magnetic resonance. Two hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 4233 Laboratory In Instrumental Analysis: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 4212, CHEM 3333 Experiments designed to illustrate the principles and practices of instrumental analysis, involving the use of modern instrumentation in analytical chemistry applications. One hour of discussion and four and one-half hours of laboratory per week.

CHEM 4302 Survey Of Physical Chemistry With Applications To The Life Scienc: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 2612 and MATH 1800 or MATH 1100, and PHYSICS 1012. Principles of physical chemistry with applications to the life sciences. Topics will include thermodynamics, equilibria, kinetics, and spectroscopy. This course will be taught simultaneously with CHEM 3302, but students in CHEM 4302 will have additional assignments or projects. No student may receive credit for both CHEM 3302 and CHEM 4302.

CHEM 4343 Physical Chemistry Laboratory II: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 3322 (may be taken concurrently) and CHEM 3333. Experiments designed to illustrate principles introduced in CHEM 2322. One hour of lecture and four and one-half hours of laboratory per week. Not for graduate credit.

CHEM 4412 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 3322 (may be taken concurrently), CHEM 3412, and CHEM 2622 An introduction to the chemistry of the elements, including atomic and molecular structure, acids and bases, the chemistry of the solid state, and main group and transition metal chemistry. Three hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 4433 Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 3333, CHEM 3643, and CHEM 4412 (CHEM 3643 may be taken concurrently) The more sophisticated techniques of physical and analytical chemistry will be used to study inorganic compounds and their reactions. One hours of lecture and four and one half hours of laboratory per week. Not for graduate credit.

CHEM 4652 Spectroscopic Identification Of Organic Compounds: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 3643 An applied approach to the use of spectroscopic techniques in organic chemistry. Topics to include integrated applications of infrared and Raman spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (13C and 1H, cw and pulsed) and mass spectroscopy for the purpose of elucidating the structure of organic compounds. Three hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 4712 Biochemistry: 3 semester hours

Same as BIOL 4712. Prerequisites: CHEM 2612 and either BIOL 1831 or CHEM 2622. Examines the chemistry and function of cell constituents, and the interaction and conversions of intracellular substances. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 4712 and CHEM 4712.

CHEM 4722 Advanced Biochemistry: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: CHEM 4712. Selected advanced topics in the chemistry of life processes. Three hours lecture per week.

CHEM 4733 Biochemistry Laboratory: 2 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 4712 (may be taken concurrently), and CHEM 2223.Laboratory study of biochemical processes in cellular and subcellular systems with emphasis on the isolation and purification of proteins (enzymes) and the characterization of catalytic properties. One hour of lecture and four and one-half hours of laboratory per week.

CHEM 4772 Physical Biochemistry: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 3312 or CHEM 4712/ BIOL 4712 Designed to acquaint students with concepts and methods in biophysical chemistry. Topics that will be discussed include protein and DNA structures, forces involved in protein folding and conformational stability, protein-DNA interactions, methods for characterization and separation of macromolecules, electron transfer, and biological spectroscopy. Three hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 4797 Biochemistry and Biotechnology Seminar: 1 semester hour

Same as BIOL 4797. Prerequisites: Senior standing in the Biochemistry and Biotechnology program. This course will focus on selected publications related to biochemistry and biotechnology from both refereed journals and news sources. Students are expected to participate in discussions and to prepare oral and written presentations. Completion of the Major Field Achievement Test in Biochemistry & Biotechnology is a course requirement. May not be taken for graduate credit.

CHEM 4814 Special Topics In Chemistry: 1-10 semester hours

A reading and seminar course in selected advanced topics.

CHEM 4897 Seminar: 1 semester hour

Prerequisites: CHEM 3022 and senior standing Presentation of papers by students, faculty, and invited speakers. Chemistry majors must enroll during the semester in which they intend to graduate. Completion of a comprehensive examination during one of the semesters is a course requirement One hour of lecture and one hour of discussion per week.

CHEM 5394 Special Topics In Physical Chemistry: 1-10 semester hours

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Selected topics in physical chemistry; may be taken more than once for credit.

CHEM 5396 Directed Readings in Physical Chemistry: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisites: Consent of Physical Chemistry Faculty. A series of readings of monographs, review papers, and/or research publications for a particular student directed at providing that student with appropriate background preparation for experimental or theoretical Ph.D.-level research in an area of physical chemistry. The particular readings will be selected by the physical chemistry staff. Potential topics include but are not limited to advances in Electrochemistry, Surface Chemistry, Thermodynamics, Molecular Spectroscopy, Quantitative Absorption Spectroscopy using new Methodologies, Applications of Group Theory in Spectroscopy, and Computational Chemistry. Assessment may be in various forms including by assignments and seminars. Students may take this course more than once for credit through the particular topic must be different in each case.

CHEM 5422 Coordination Chemistry: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: CHEM 4412 or an equivalent course. Chemistry of the coordination compounds of the transition metals including such topics as kinetics and mechanisms of reaction, stereochemistry, ligand field theory, stability and electronic spectra. Three hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 5462 Organometallic Chemistry Of The Transition Elements: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 4412 or an equivalent course. A study of transition metal compounds containing metal-carbon bonds and related metal-element bonds, including their synthesis, structure and bonding, and reactions. Applications in organic synthesis and catalysis will also be presented. Three hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 5494 Special Topics In Inorganic Chemistry: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Selected topics in organic chemistry; may be taken more than once for credit.

CHEM 5602 Advanced Organic Chemistry I - Physical Organic: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 2622 and CHEM 3322 Mechanism and theory of organic chemistry. Topics to include kinetics, transition state theory, reaction intermediates, and stereochemical analysis. Three hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 5612 Advanced Organic Chemistry II - Reactions And Synthesis: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: CHEM 2622 This course will examine a variety of organic transformations typically utilized in organic synthesis. Topics will include carbon-carbon bond formation, pericyclic reactions, oxidation, reduction, and functional group interconversions. Mechanism and stereochemistry will be emphasized. Three hours of lecture per week.

CHEM 5694 Special Topics In Organic Chemistry: 3 semester hours

Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor Advanced topics of special current interest. May be taken more than once for credit. Topics that may be offered include: Methods in Organic Synthesis, Organometallics in Organic Synthesis, Topics in Bioorganic Chemistry, Organic thermochemistry, Natural Products Chemistry, Stereochemistry, Photochemistry, Heterocyclic Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry.

CHEM 5774 Bioinformatics: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: CHEM 4712 or equivalent. This course introduces modern approaches in bioinformatics and computational biochemistry. Topics to be covered include a survey of biological databases, predictions from protein and DNA sequences, sequence alignment and sequence database searches, building phylogenetic trees, three-dimensional protein structure prediction, and molecular modeling and simulation.

CHEM 5794 Special Topics In Biochemistry: 3 semester hours

Prerequisites: Consent of instructor Selected topics in biochemistry. May be taken more than once for credit.

CHEM 5798 Practicum in Science in Business: 1-2 semester hours

Same As BIOL 5798. Prerequisites: Graduate standing and enrollment in a Professional Science emphasis in Chemistry, Biochemistry & Biotechnology, or Biology. Students will integrate and apply their scientific expertise to a practical, business-related problem. The course will emphasize interdisciplinary team-work as well as both written and oral communication skills.

CHEM 5799 Internship in Science in Business: 1-2 semester hours

Same As BIOL 5799. Prerequisites: Graduate standing and enrollment in a Professional Science emphasis area in Chemistry, Biochemistry & Biotechnology, or Biology. The internship will consist of period of on-the-job training at a local company. Credit hours will be determined by the number of hours the student works each week and in consultation between the intern's supervisor and the course instructor. Internship assignments will be commensurate with the education and experience of the student, with an emphasis on work at the interface between the scientific and business components of the company. A written report describing the internship project is required.

CHEM 6196 Advanced Reading In Chemistry: 1 semester hour

Prerequisite: Admission to the Ph.D. program. Reading and examinations in the sub-disciplines of chemistry. Enrollment must begin after completion of any course deficiencies.

CHEM 6487 Problem Seminar In Inorganic Chemistry: 1 semester hour

Prerequisite: Consent of the inorganic chemistry staff. Problems from the current literature, presentations and discussions by faculty, students and visiting scientists. Ph.D. students may take more than once for credit. Up to three credits may be applied to the M.S. degree program.

CHEM 6687 Problem Seminar In Organic Chemistry: 1-3 semester hours

Prerequisite: Consent of the organic chemistry staff. Problems from the current literature, presentations and discussions by faculty, students and visiting scientists. PH.D. Students may take more than once for credit. Up to three credits may be applied to the M.S. degree programs.

CHEM 6787 Problem Seminar In Biochemistry: 1 semester hour

Prerequisite: Consent of the biochemistry staff. Problems from the current literature, presentations and discussions by faculty, students and visiting scientists. Ph.D. students may take more than once for credit. Up to three credits may be applied to the M.S. degree program.

CHEM 6812 Introduction To Graduate Study In Chemistry: 1 semester hour

Prerequisite: Consent of Graduate Advisor. Topics to be covered include: techniques of teaching of chemistry in colleges and universities, methods of instruction and evaluation; role and responsibilities of the Graduate Teaching Assistant in laboratory instruction; safety in the undergraduate laboratory, safety practices, emergency procedures; selection of a research project and thesis advisor.

CHEM 6822 Introduction To Graduate Research In Chemistry: 1 semester hour

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Topics to include: safety in the research laboratory, safety practices, emergency procedures, hazardous materials, waste disposal, radiation safety; research ethics, chemistry information retrieval, computer assisted information retrieval, types of databases, searching bibliographic data bases.

CHEM 6832 Strategies for Independent Research Proposal Development: 1 semester hour

Prerequisites: CHEM 6822 and Consent of Graduate Advisor. Topics include: strategies for identification of research topics in chemistry and biochemistry, techniques for database literature search, critical analysis of existing research knowledge, introduction to standard grant proposal formats, technical aspects in preparation of a research plan and accompanying sections, use of bibliographical software, and overview and practice of the peer review process.

CHEM 6897 Chemistry Colloquium: 1 semester hour

Presentation of papers by students, faculty and invited speakers. One hour per week.

CHEM 6905 Graduate Research In Chemistry: 1-10 semester hours

Cynthia M. Dupureur
Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Director
Ph.D., Ohio State University

James Bashkin
Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Ph.D., Oxford University

Wesley R. Harris
Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Associate Dean, Graduate School
Ph.D., Texas A&M University

Keith J. Stine
Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology

George Gokel
Distinguished Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Ph.D., University of Southern California

Xuemin Wang
E. Desmond Lee and Family Fund Endowed Professor of Plant Sciences
Ph.D., University of Kentucky

Teresa Thiel
Professor of Biology , Associate Dean and College of Arts and Sciences
Ph.D., Case Western Reserve University

Michael R. Nichols
Associate Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Ph.D., Purdue University

Chung F. Wong
Associate Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Ph.D., University of Chicago

Wendy M. Olivas
Associate Professor of Biology
Ph.D., University of Nebraska Medical Center

Bethany Zolman
Associate Professor of Biology
Ph.D., The William March Rice University

Jane A. Starling
Associate Professor of Biology Emerita
Ph.D., The William Marsh Rice University

Michael Hughes
Assistant Professor of Biology
Ph.D., Harvard Medical School

Mindy Steiniger
Assistant Professor of Biology
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison

Marc Spingola
Associate Teaching Professor of Biology
Ph.D., University of New Mexico

Ambrose (Trey) Kidd
Assistant Teaching Professor of Biology
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin Madison

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